Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Columbiformes > Family: Columbidae > Genus: Columba > Species: Columba livia > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Columba livia livia Gmelin, 1789 Cramp, S. (1985)

Rock Dove - Columba livia Gmelin,1789

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 2 other international agreements
Reported as invasive by NOBANIS
Breeding habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • urban
Natura 2000 species code A206

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000031 Spain Sierra de Grazalema Map
ES0000032 Spain Torcal de Antequera Map
ES0000035 Spain Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Map
ES0000069 Spain Embalse de Cornalvo y Sierra Bermeja Map
ES0000072 Spain Sierra Grande de Hornachos Map
ES0000073 Spain Costa Brava de Mallorca Map
ES0000074 Spain Cap de cala Figuera Map
ES0000081 Spain Cap Enderrocat - Cap Blanc Map
ES0000082 Spain Tagomago Map
ES0000084 Spain Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera Map
ES0000145 Spain Mondragó Map
ES0000221 Spain Sa Dragonera Map
ES0000222 Spain La Trapa Map
ES0000229 Spain Costa Nord de Ciutadella Map
ES0000230 Spain La Vall Map
ES0000231 Spain Dels Alocs a Fornells Map
ES0000232 Spain La Mola i s'Albufera de Fornells Map
ES0000233 Spain D'Addaia a s'Albufera Map
ES0000234 Spain S'Albufera des Grau Map
ES0000334 Spain Sierras Centrales y Embalse de Alange Map
ES0000394 Spain Colonias de Cernícalo Primilla de Saucedilla Map
ES0000431 Spain Colonias de Cernícalo Primilla de Jaraiz de la Vera Map
ES0000433 Spain Colonias de Cernícalo Primilla de Belvis de Monroy Map
ES5310023 Spain Illots de Ponent d'Eivissa Map
ES6130002 Spain Sierra Subbética Map
ES6140004 Spain Sierra Nevada Map
ES6170003 Spain Desfiladero de Los Gaitanes Map
GR2320004 Greece AISTHITIKO DASOS KALAVRYTON Map
IT1180004 Italy Greto dello Scrivia Map
IT2020005 Italy Lago di Alserio Map
IT5160012 Italy Monte Capanne e promontorio dell'Enfola Map
IT51A0025 Italy Monte Argentario, Isolotto di Porto Ercole e Argentarola Map
IT9110008 Italy Valloni e Steppe Pedegarganiche Map
IT9110009 Italy Valloni di Mattinata - Monte Sacro Map
IT9120007 Italy Murgia Alta Map
IT9210020 Italy Bosco Cupolicchio Map
IT9210105 Italy Dolomiti di Pietrapertosa Map
IT9210142 Italy Lago Pantano di Pignola Map
IT9210210 Italy Monte Vulture Map
IT9220135 Italy Gravine di Matera Map
IT9220144 Italy Lago S. Giuliano e Timmari Map
IT9220255 Italy Valle Basento - Ferrandina Scalo Map
IT9220260 Italy Valle Basento Grassano Scalo - Grottole Map
ITA030023 Italy Isola di Alicudi Map
ITA030024 Italy Isola di Filicudi Map
ITA030029 Italy Isola di Salina (Stagno di Lingua) Map
IT9210120 Italy La Falconara Map
IT9150002 Italy Costa Otranto - Santa Maria di Leuca Map
ITA030027 Italy Isola di Vulcano Map
IT9310034 Italy Isola di Dino Map
ES6110008 Spain Sierras de Gádor y Enix Map
ES6110004 Spain Sierra del Oso Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
MT0000030 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Ghawdex: Il-Ponta ta' San Dimitri sal-Ponta ta' Harrux Map
MT0000024 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Malta: Ir-Ramla tac-Cirkewwa sal-Ponta ta' Benghisa Map
ITA030028 Italy Isola di Salina (Monte Fossa delle Felci e dei Porri) Map
IT5160102 Italy Elba orientale Map
ES6170008 Spain Sierras de Abdalajís y La Encantada Sur Map
IT9110026 Italy Monte Calvo - Piana di Montenero Map
IT9110012 Italy Testa del Gargano Map
IT9110014 Italy Monte Saraceno Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
MT0000019 Malta L-Inhawi tad-Dwejra u tal-Qawra, inkluz Hagret il-General Map
ITA030044 Italy Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre Map
IT8050054 Italy Costiera Amalfitana tra Maiori e il Torrente Bonea Map
ITA030030 Italy Isola di Lipari Map
ES5310113 Spain La Vall Map
IT9210150 Italy Monte Coccovello - Monte Crivo - Monte Crive Map
CY6000009 Cyprus PERIOCHI KOSIIS - PALLOUROKAMPOU Map
GR4130004 Greece NISIDA VENETIKO Map
IT9210266 Italy Valle del Tuorno - Bosco Luceto Map
IT8050056 Italy Fiume Irno Map
ES5310116 Spain Biniatrum Map
ES5310121 Spain Binigurdó Map
ES5310119 Spain Penyes d'Egipte Map
ES5310120 Spain Es Clot des Guix Map
ES5310127 Spain Costa Brava de Tramuntana Map
ES5310128 Spain Cap Enderrocat i cap Blanc Map
IT4020027 Italy Cronovilla Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Felsentaube German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Holub skalní Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kalliokyyhky Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Klippduva Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Klippedue Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Paloma Bravía Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Piccione selvatico Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pigeon biset French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pombo-das-rochas Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Rock Dove English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Rotsduif Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Szirti galamb Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:06650 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

51 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 1000/3000 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Andorra 50/249 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Armenia 800/3500 (pairs) 1997-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Austria 100000/150000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 250000/500000 (pairs) 1996-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 200000/500000 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belarus 1200000/1500000 (pairs) 1997-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belgium Present/Present (pairs) 2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2500/10000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 400/800 (pairs) 1996-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 1000/5000 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 1000/5000 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Cyprus 2500/10000 (pairs) 1994-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Czech Republic 500000/1000000 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark Present/Present (pairs) 2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 100000/150000 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 200000/500000 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 20000/40000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 800/2000 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Georgia Present/Present (pairs) 2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 200000/330000 (pairs) 1995-1999 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 10000/30000 (pairs) 1995-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 20000/70000 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Hungary 400000/500000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 50/249 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 250/999 (individuals) 2003 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland 1000/2499 (pairs) 1988-1991 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 3000/7000 (pairs) 2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia 100000/200000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Liechtenstein 50/100 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Lithuania 500000/700000 (pairs) 1999-2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Luxembourg 5000/10000 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Macedonia (FYR) 150/250 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Malta 1000/2500 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 6000/8000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 12000/15000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 50000/200000 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 15000/30000 (pairs) 1990-2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Poland 100000/249999 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal 100/1000 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 400000/600000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 2500000/5000000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Serbia and Montenegro 1500/2500 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia Present/Present (pairs) 1990-1999 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovenia 100/200 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 2000000/2280000 (pairs) 1992 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 30000/50000 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Switzerland 20000/40000 (pairs) 1993-1996 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 400000/800000 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 300000/500000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 100000/249999 (pairs) 1988-1991 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

51 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Andorra 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Armenia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 50% to 79% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 50% to 79% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Cyprus 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 9% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 20 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Georgia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 50% to 79% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Liechtenstein 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Luxembourg 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Macedonia (FYR) 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Malta 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovenia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Stable : 3 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

43 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2015-12-14 France France reporting Birds Directive 2013 corrected DREAL Midi Pyrénées
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Midi Pyrenées
2015-10-02 Finland Bird 2014 FI_Bird_Report_2014.xml
2015-09-30 Poland National Report on Derogation under the Birds Directive 2014 birds_directive_2014
2015-04-24 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2014 MALTA-Habides_Export_Birds-2014
2015-03-25 Spain Bird derogations for Spain 2013 Birds Spain 2013
2015-02-23 Germany Birds Derogation 2013 Germany Birds_2013_GER.xml
2015-01-26 Portugal BIRDS 2013 PT BIRDS 2013 PT
2014-12-08 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2013 BG-NReport under Bird Directive 2013
2014-11-13 Slovenia Derogations 2013 Derogations 2013
2014-10-29 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives Habitats and Birds Derogations Report
2014-10-23 Spain Birds Derogation for Spain 2012 Birds Derogation for Spain 2012
2014-10-20 Netherlands Birds Directive Derogations 2012 Derogations Bird Directieve NL 2012
2014-10-02 Czech Republic Report according to Art. 9.3 of the Birds Directive - CZ 2013 2013BD_CZ
2014-09-30 Denmark 2013 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive National_Report_on_Derogations_under_the_Birds_Directive__1.xml
2014-09-30 Finland Bird 2013 FI_bird_report_2013
2014-09-26 Sweden National reports on derogations under the Birds Directive 2013 Art 9 Birds Directive Sweden 2013
2014-05-29 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2013 MALTA-Habides_Export_Birds-2013
2013-12-19 Sweden National reports on derogations under the Birds directive (Art 9) 2012 - Sweden Art 9 Birds Directive 2012_SE
2013-12-17 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012 BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012
2013-12-09 Portugal PT_Birds_2012.xml PT_Birds_2012
2013-11-19 Slovenia Report 2011-2012 derogations 2011 - 2012
2013-10-16 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2010 Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2010
2013-10-11 Finland Bird2012 FI_bird_report_2012.xml
2013-08-07 Italy Birds Derogation Report 2011 Birds Derogation Report 2011
2013-02-12 Denmark 2011 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2013-01-14 Sweden National Report on Derogations under the Birds Directive_2011 Habides_Birds_SE_2011
2012-12-09 Portugal Birds Derrogations 2009-2010 PT_Birds_2009_2010
2012-10-29 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Dept. of Env., Northern Ireland
2012-10-16 Bulgaria National Report on Derogations under Bird Directive 2011 BG_Derogations under Bird Directive 2011
2012-05-03 Denmark 2009 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2012-05-03 Denmark 2010 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2012-01-09 Bulgaria National Report on Derogations under Bird Directive 2010 Bird Directiv Report 2010
2011-11-10 United Kingdom Directive 92/43/EEC: Derogation under Article 16: Report by the UK for 2009-2010 Scottish Government contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 and 92/43/EEC Article 16 UK Report
2011-11-10 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2010 DOENI contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2011-10-17 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives (2009-2010) birds derogations
2011-07-01 Denmark Denmarks Report on Derogations under the Birds Directive for 2010 questionnaire_habides.xml
2011-06-03 Finland Bird 2009 FI_bird_rap_2009.xml
2011-01-12 Finland BIRD 2008 FI Report 2008
2010-12-20 Denmark Derogations 2009 questionnaire_habides.xml
2010-11-23 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogations under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2009 NE contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2010-11-23 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogations under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2009 DOENI contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK report
2010-09-30 Sweden National Report on Derogations under the Birds Directive_2009 habides_export_Sweden_20100930.xml

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

94 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Poland 2014-10-02 2014-11-30 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-10-02 2014-11-30 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Pomorskie 2014-09-22 2016-10-31 The numer of individuals is difficult to determine Deliberate disturbance, scaring away No impact on population
Pomorskie 2014-09-01 2015-07-31 The numer of individuals is difficult to determine Falconry No impact on population
Pomorskie 2014-09-01 2015-07-31 The numer of individuals is difficult to determine Destruction, damage to and removal of nests No impact on population
Pomorskie 2014-09-01 2015-07-31 The numer of individuals is difficult to determine Deliberate disturbance, scaring away No impact on population
Pomorskie 2014-08-29 2014-12-30 The numer of nests is difficult to determine Destruction, damage to and removal of nests No impact on population
Poland 2014-08-26 2014-09-19 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Capture This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Poland 2014-08-26 2014-09-19 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-08-26 2014-09-19 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Capture This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-08-26 2014-09-19 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Pomorskie 2014-08-18 2014-09-30 The numer of individuals is difficult to determine Deliberate disturbance, scaring away No impact on population
Pomorskie 2014-08-18 2014-09-30 The numer of individuals is difficult to determine Destruction of habitat No impact on population
Pomorskie 2014-08-15 2015-02-28 The numer of nests is difficult to determine Destruction, damage to and removal of nests No impact on population
Pomorskie 2014-07-16 2015-02-28 The numer of habitats is difficult to determine Destruction, damage to and removal of nests No impact on population
Pomorskie 2014-07-16 2015-02-28 The numer of habitats is difficult to determine Deliberate disturbance, scaring away No impact on population
Poland 2014-07-15 2014-10-15 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Destruction, damage to and removal of nests This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Poland 2014-07-15 2014-10-15 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-07-15 2014-10-15 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Destruction, damage to and removal of nests This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-07-15 2014-10-15 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Poland 2014-06-16 2019-10-31 From 300 to 2200 individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-06-16 2019-10-31 From 300 to 2200 individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Pomorskie 2014-05-28 2014-07-31 The numer of habitats is difficult to determine Deliberate disturbance, scaring away No impact on population
Poland 2014-05-26 2014-12-31 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Destruction, damage to and removal of nests This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Poland 2014-05-26 2014-12-31 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-05-26 2014-12-31 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Destruction, damage to and removal of nests This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-05-26 2014-12-31 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Poland 2014-05-08 2016-05-01 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-05-08 2016-05-01 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Pomorskie 2014-01-28 2018-12-31 The numer of individuals is difficult to determine Deliberate disturbance, scaring away No impact on population
Poland 2014-01-16 2014-04-01 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Destruction, damage to and removal of nests This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Poland 2014-01-16 2014-04-01 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-01-16 2014-04-01 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Destruction, damage to and removal of nests This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-01-16 2014-04-01 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Malta 2014-01-01 2014-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Stuffing In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2014-01-01 2014-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping for educational and scientific purpose In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2013-08-22 2014-03-31 potenzielle Niststätten außer bei Mehlschwalbe Absichtliche Zerstörung von Nestern und Eiern oder Entfernung von Nestern keine
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2013-08-22 2014-03-31 potenzielle Niststätten außer bei Mehlschwalbe Absichtliche Zerstörung von Nestern und Eiern oder Entfernung von Nestern keine
Poland 2013-01-01 2015-12-31 It was not possible to determine the number of bird species. Destruction, damage to and removal of nests This derogation is not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species. The compensation were required to install nesting boxes.
Mazowieckie 2013-01-01 2015-12-31 It was not possible to determine the number of bird species. Destruction, damage to and removal of nests This derogation is not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species. The compensation were required to install nesting boxes.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Stuffing In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping for educational and scientific purpose In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Denmark 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences Killing There is no impact on the population
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Stuffing In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping for educational and scientific purpose In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Canarias (ES) 2012-08-06 2013-12-31 Se colectarán, según especies, entr e5 y 250 ejemplares Captura para anillamiento Escaso
Canarias (ES) 2012-08-06 2013-12-31 Se colectarán, según especies, entr e5 y 250 ejemplares Captura para anillamiento Escaso
Warminsko-Mazurskie 2012-06-01 2012-06-30 undefined Destruction, damage to and removal of nests none
Warminsko-Mazurskie 2012-06-01 2012-06-30 undefined Deliberate disturbance, scaring away none
Gelderland 2012-05-25 2012-08-31 No information available Killing Negligible
Wielkopolskie 2012-04-01 2012-10-31 Number of destroyed nests difficult to assess Destruction, damage to and removal of nests Insignificant impact on population
Wielkopolskie 2012-04-01 2012-10-31 Number of destroyed nests difficult to assess Deliberate disturbance, scaring away Insignificant impact on population
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 40 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 40 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Wielkopolskie 2012-03-14 2012-03-20 The number of destroyed nests difficult to assess Destruction, damage to and removal of nests Insignificant impact on population
Lódzkie 2011-07-01 2011-07-20 derogation also apply for potential breeding sites (Apus apus) temporary damage to breeding sites none
Northern Ireland (UK) 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 No upper limit set Killing Starling: 29 House sparrow: 15 feral Pigeon: 563 median given UK figures only available - (100 000-250 000).
Northern Ireland (UK) 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 No upper limit set Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding Starling: 29 House sparrow: 15 feral Pigeon: 563 median given UK figures only available - (100 000-250 000).
Northern Ireland (UK) 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 No upper limit set Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing Starling: 29 House sparrow: 15 feral Pigeon: 563 median given UK figures only available - (100 000-250 000).
Northern Ireland (UK) 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 No upper limit set Capture /hunting with nets Starling: 29 House sparrow: 15 feral Pigeon: 563 median given UK figures only available - (100 000-250 000).
Northern Ireland (UK) 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 No upper limit set Poisoned baits Starling: 29 House sparrow: 15 feral Pigeon: 563 median given UK figures only available - (100 000-250 000).
Northern Ireland (UK) 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 No upper limit set Deliberate disturbance, scaring away Starling: 29 House sparrow: 15 feral Pigeon: 563 median given UK figures only available - (100 000-250 000).
Denmark 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences. Killing There is no impact on the population.
Lombardia 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 data not avilable Killing The impact can be considered not significant on the population dynamics
Lombardia 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 data not avilable Killing The impact can be considered not significant on the population dynamics
Lombardia 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 data not avilable Killing The impact can be considered not significant on the population dynamics
Lombardia 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 data not avilable Killing The impact can be considered not significant on the population dynamics
Noord-Holland 2011-01-01 2015-12-31 No information available Killing Negligible
Noord-Holland 2011-01-01 2015-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away Negligible
Mazowieckie 2010-08-12 2012-12-31 uncnown the numbers of local populations Deliberate disturbance, scaring away none
Bulgaria 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 40 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Bulgaria 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 40 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Poland 2010-02-11 2010-12-31 unknown numbers of birds populations in the airport Deliberate disturbance, scaring away none
Lódzkie 2010-02-11 2010-12-31 unknown numbers of birds populations in the airport Deliberate disturbance, scaring away none
Northern Ireland (UK) 2010-02-09 2010-12-31 no limit set Capture feral pigeons narcotised:347 feral pigeons shot 743 total 1090 sparrows narcotised 0 shot 2 netted 29 total 31 starling narcotised 34 shot 13 total 47 No impact on population at a national level - any impact limited and short term.
Northern Ireland (UK) 2010-02-09 2010-12-31 no limit set Killing feral pigeons narcotised:347 feral pigeons shot 743 total 1090 sparrows narcotised 0 shot 2 netted 29 total 31 starling narcotised 34 shot 13 total 47 No impact on population at a national level - any impact limited and short term.
Northern Ireland (UK) 2010-02-09 2010-12-31 no limit set Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding feral pigeons narcotised:347 feral pigeons shot 743 total 1090 sparrows narcotised 0 shot 2 netted 29 total 31 starling narcotised 34 shot 13 total 47 No impact on population at a national level - any impact limited and short term.
Northern Ireland (UK) 2010-02-09 2010-12-31 no limit set Capture for decoy use feral pigeons narcotised:347 feral pigeons shot 743 total 1090 sparrows narcotised 0 shot 2 netted 29 total 31 starling narcotised 34 shot 13 total 47 No impact on population at a national level - any impact limited and short term.
Northern Ireland (UK) 2010-02-09 2010-12-31 no limit set Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing feral pigeons narcotised:347 feral pigeons shot 743 total 1090 sparrows narcotised 0 shot 2 netted 29 total 31 starling narcotised 34 shot 13 total 47 No impact on population at a national level - any impact limited and short term.
Northern Ireland (UK) 2010-02-09 2010-12-31 no limit set Capture /hunting with nets feral pigeons narcotised:347 feral pigeons shot 743 total 1090 sparrows narcotised 0 shot 2 netted 29 total 31 starling narcotised 34 shot 13 total 47 No impact on population at a national level - any impact limited and short term.
Northern Ireland (UK) 2010-02-09 2010-12-31 no limit set Poisoned baits feral pigeons narcotised:347 feral pigeons shot 743 total 1090 sparrows narcotised 0 shot 2 netted 29 total 31 starling narcotised 34 shot 13 total 47 No impact on population at a national level - any impact limited and short term.
Northern Ireland (UK) 2010-02-09 2010-12-31 no limit set Deliberate disturbance, scaring away feral pigeons narcotised:347 feral pigeons shot 743 total 1090 sparrows narcotised 0 shot 2 netted 29 total 31 starling narcotised 34 shot 13 total 47 No impact on population at a national level - any impact limited and short term.
Poland 2010-01-29 2010-31-12 unknown the naumber of lhe ocal population Deliberate disturbance, scaring away none,
Mazowieckie 2010-01-29 2010-31-12 unknown the naumber of lhe ocal population Deliberate disturbance, scaring away none,
Denmark 2010-01-01 2010-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences. Killing There is no impact on the population.
Malta 2010-01-01 2010-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of injured birds that would be cared during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping and caring for wounded birds In view that all those birds which are restored to health are returned back into the wild, it is envisaged that this activity would not negatively impact the population.
Slaskie 2009-10-31 2012-12-31 unknown number of local population Deliberate disturbance none
Mazowieckie 2009-09-28 2009-10-10 unknown number of the local population Deliberate disturbance none
Mazowieckie 2009-09-24 2009-09-30 uncnown the number of local population Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding none
Mazowieckie 2009-09-24 2009-09-30 uncnown the number of local population Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing none
Kujawsko-Pomorskie 2009-09-17 2011-12-31 unknown number of local population Deliberate disturbance none
Mazowieckie 2009-08-24 2009-10-10 The licence does not specify the number of nests to destruction because the applicant could not accurately determine the number of nests for destruction. In his opinion, it comes with a few nests. Destruction, damage to and removal of nests The derogation is not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2009-07-28 2009-09-30 The licence does not specify the number of individuals, as the applicant has not provided this information in the application. Destruction, damage to and removal of nests The derogation is not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Denmark 2009-01-01 2009-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences. Killing There is no impact on the population.
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