Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Elasmobranchii > Order: Lamniformes > Family: Cetorhinidae > Genus: Cetorhinus > Species: Cetorhinus maximus

Basking shark - Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Endangered (IUCN)
Protected by 8 international agreements
Natura 2000 species code 3020


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) In the Mediterranean
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention)
Memorandum of understanding on the conservation of migratory sharks - under Bonn Convention (Sharks MOU)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora)
Barcelona Convention Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA/BD Protocol)
Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic ("OSPAR Convention") (OSPAR Convention)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
An liamhán gréine Irish (recte Irish Gaelic) Fishbase
Basking shark English Fishbase
Beinhákarl Icelandic Fishbase
Bone shark English Fishbase
Brugd Swedish Fishbase
Brugde Danish Fishbase
Brugde Norwegian Fishbase
Büyük camgöz Turkish Fishbase
Colayo Spanish Fishbase
Dlugoszpar a. rekin gigantyczny Polish Fishbase
Éléphant de mer French Fishbase
Elephant shark English Fishbase
Gabdoll Maltese Fishbase
Gobdoll Maltese Fishbase
Hoe-mother English Fishbase
Jättiläishai Finnish Fishbase
Mandelhai German Fishbase
Marrajo ballenato Spanish Fishbase
Marrajo gigante Spanish Fishbase
Peje vaca Spanish Fishbase
Pelerin French Fishbase
Peregrino Spanish Fishbase
Peshkagen shtegtar Albanian Fishbase
Peshkaqen shtegtar Albanian Fishbase
Pixxitonnu Maltese Fishbase
Poisson à voiles French Fishbase
Requin French Fishbase
Requin pélerin French Fishbase
Reuzenhaai Dutch Fishbase
Riesenhai German Fishbase
Saparnasm Skylopsaro Greek Fishbase
Squale géant French Fishbase
Squale-pèlerin French Fishbase
Squalo elefante Italian Fishbase
Sun-fish English Fishbase
Tiburón canasta Spanish Fishbase
Tiburón peregrino Spanish Fishbase
Tubarâo-frade Portuguese Fishbase
Synonym Author
Squalus maximus Gunnerus, 1765
Squalus maxima Bonnaterre, 1788
Squalus gunnerianus Blainville, 1810
Cethorinus gunneri Blainville, 1816
Selache maxima Cuvier, 1817
Cetorhinus blainvillei Capello, 1870
Cetorhinus maccoyi Barrett, 1933
Cetorhinus normani Siccardi, 1961
Cetorhinus rostratus (Macri, 1819)
Halsydrus maccoyi (Barrett, 1933)
Halsydrus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
Halsydrus pontoppidani Neill, 1809
Polyprosopus macer Couch, 1962
Selachus pennantii Cornish, 1885
Squalus cetaceus Gronow,1854
Squalus elephas LeSueur, 1822
Squalus gunneri Blainville, 1816
Squalus homianus Blainville, 1810
Squalus isodus Macri, 1819
Squalus pelegrinus Blainville, 1810
Squalus peregrinus Blainville, 1810
Squalus rashleighanus Couch, 1838
Squalus rhinoceros DeKay, 1842
Squalus rostratus Macri, 1819
Squalus shavianus Blainville, 1816
Tetroras angiova Rafinesque, 1810
Squalis gunneri Blainville, 1816
Squalis shavianus Blainville, 1816
Scoliophis atlanticus Anon., 1817
Cetorhinus maximus infanuncula Deinse & Adriani, 1953
Cetorhinus maximus normani (Siccardi, 1961)
Tetroras maccoyi Barrett, 1933

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100