Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Procellariiformes > Family: Procellariidae > Genus: Puffinus > Species: Puffinus yelkouan

Levantine Shearwater - Puffinus yelkouan (Acerbi, 1827)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 3 other international agreements
Breeding habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
Wintering habitats
  • open ocean
  • shelf
Natura 2000 species code A464

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000214 Spain Espacio marino de Tabarca Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
FR9310020 France Iles d'Hyères Map
FR9312007 France Iles Marseillaises - Cassidaigne Map
FR9410021 France Iles Lavezzi, Bouches de Bonifacio Map
GR4110006 Greece LIMNOS: LIMNES CHORTAROLIMNI KAI ALYKI, KOLPOS MOUDROU, ELOS DIAPORI KAI CHERSONISOS FAKOS Map
IT3320037 Italy Laguna di Marano e Grado Map
IT3330005 Italy Foce dell'Isonzo - Isola della Cona Map
IT3330006 Italy Valle Cavanata e Banco Mula di Muggia Map
IT5160002 Italy Isola di Gorgona - area terrestre e marina Map
IT5160007 Italy Isola di Capraia - area terrestre e marina Map
IT5160013 Italy Isola di Pianosa - area terrestre e marina Map
IT5160014 Italy Isola di Montecristo e Formica di Montecristo - area terrestre e marina Map
IT51A0013 Italy Padule della Trappola, Bocca d'Ombrone Map
IT51A0024 Italy Isola di Giannutri - area terrestre e marina Map
IT51A0025 Italy Monte Argentario, Isolotto di Porto Ercole e Argentarola Map
IT51A0035 Italy Isolotti grossetani dell'Arcipelago Toscano Map
IT6040019 Italy Isole di Ponza, Palmarola, Zannone, Ventotene e S. Stefano Map
ITA010002 Italy Isola di Marettimo Map
ITA010003 Italy Isola di Levanzo Map
ITA010020 Italy Isola di Pantelleria - Area Costiera, Falesie e Bagno dell'Acqua Map
ITA020010 Italy Isola di Ustica Map
ITA030029 Italy Isola di Salina (Stagno di Lingua) Map
ITA040001 Italy Isola di Linosa Map
ITA040002 Italy Isola di Lampedusa e Lampione Map
MT0000009 Malta L-Inhawi tar-Ramla tat-Torri u tal-Irdum tal-Madonna Map
MT0000016 Malta Filfla u l-Gzejjer ta' Madwarha Map
MT0000017 Malta Kemmuna u l-Gzejjer ta' Madwarha Map
ITB043032 Italy Isola di Sant'Antioco, Capo Sperone Map
IT6040020 Italy Isole di Palmarola e Zannone Map
ITB010042 Italy Capo Caccia (con le Isole Foradada e Piana) e Punta del Giglio Map
ITA030027 Italy Isola di Vulcano Map
BG0000270 Bulgaria Atanasovsko ezero Map
MT0000028 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Ghawdex: Id-Dawra tas-Sanap sa Tal-Hajt Map
IT9320095 Italy Foce Neto Map
ITA040013 Italy Arcipelago delle Pelagie - area marina e terrestre Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
ES5212005 Spain L'Almadrava Map
MT0000030 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Ghawdex: Il-Ponta ta' San Dimitri sal-Ponta ta' Harrux Map
MT0000024 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Malta: Ir-Ramla tac-Cirkewwa sal-Ponta ta' Benghisa Map
BG0002041 Bulgaria Kompleks Ropotamo Map
ITB010001 Italy Isola Asinara Map
ITB013044 Italy Capo Caccia Map
ITB010007 Italy Capo Testa Map
ITB030080 Italy Isola di Mal di Ventre e Catalano Map
IT9110011 Italy Isole Tremiti Map
MT0000031 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Malta: Ix-Xaqqa sa Wied Moqbol Map
ITA070029 Italy Biviere di Lentini, tratto mediano e foce del Fiume Simeto e area antistante la foce Map
ITB020014 Italy Golfo di Orosei Map
BG0000143 Bulgaria Karaagach Map
IT9320302 Italy Marchesato e Fiume Neto Map
BG0002040 Bulgaria Strandzha Map
MT0000020 Malta L-Inhawi tax-Xlendi u tal-Wied tal-Kantra Map
IT9310044 Italy Foce del Fiume Crati Map
ITB010082 Italy Isola dell'Asinara Map
MT0000032 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Malta: Ras il-Pellegrin sax-Xaqqa Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
MT0000019 Malta L-Inhawi tad-Dwejra u tal-Qawra, inkluz Hagret il-General Map
ITB010010 Italy Isole Tavolara, Molara e Molarotto Map
IT5160006 Italy Isola di Capraia - area terrestre e marina Map
ITA030044 Italy Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre Map
ITB030039 Italy Isola Mal di Ventre Map
ES6200007 Spain Islas e Islotes del Litoral Mediterráneo Map
MT0000027 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Ghawdex: Ta' Cenc Map
ITB042230 Italy Porto Campana Map
ITB010002 Italy Stagno di Pilo e di Casaraccio Map
ITB010043 Italy Coste e Isolette a Nord Ovest della Sardegna Map
BG0000620 Bulgaria Pomorie Map
MT0000029 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Ghawdex: Il-Ponta ta' Harrux sal-Bajja tax-Xlendi Map
ITB013012 Italy Stagno di Pilo, Casaraccio e Saline di Stintino Map
ROSPA0076 Romania Marea Neagră Map
ROSPA0031 Romania Delta Dunării şi Complexul Razim - Sinoie Map
BG0002051 Bulgaria Kaliakra Map
BG0002097 Bulgaria Belite skali Map
BG0002050 Bulgaria Durankulashko ezero Map
BG0002043 Bulgaria Emine Map
BG0000156 Bulgaria Shablenski ezeren kompleks Map
BG0002077 Bulgaria Bakarlaka Map
BG0002045 Bulgaria Kompleks Kamchia Map
BG0002060 Bulgaria Galata Map
FR9412010 France Capu Rossu , Scandola, revellata, Calvi Map
FR9412009 France Plateau du Cap Corse Map
FR9112035 France Côte languedocienne Map
FR9112034 France Cap Bear- cap Cerbère Map
ES0000447 Spain Espacio marino de Orpesa y Benicàssim Map
ES0000454 Spain Montgó-Cap de Sant Antoni Map
MT0000033 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Malta: Wied Moqbol sal-Ponta ta' Benghisa Map
ITB013019 Italy Isole del Nord - Est tra Capo Ceraso e Stagno di San Teodoro Map
UKGIB0002 United Kingdom Southern Waters of Gibraltar Map
GR1150012 Greece THASOS (OROS YPSARIO KAI PARAKTIA ZONI) KAI NISIDES KOINYRA, XIRONISI Map
GR4220028 Greece ANDROS: KENTRIKO KAI NOTIO TMIMA, GYRO NISIDES KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220029 Greece SERIFOS: PARAKTIA ZONI KAI NISIDES SERIFOPOULA, PIPERI KAI VOUS Map
GR2540008 Greece NOTIA MANI Map
GR4320017 Greece NISOS KOUFONISI, GYRO NISIDES KAI NISIDES KAVALLOI Map
GR4110014 Greece NISOS AGIOS EFSTRATIOS KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220030 Greece DYTIKI MILOS, ANTIMILOS, POLYAIGOS KAI NISIDES Map
GR3000016 Greece YGROTOPOS SCHINIA Map
GR4110012 Greece VOREIA LESVOS Map
GR1110012 Greece SAMOTHRAKI: OROS FENGARI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4130004 Greece NISIDA VENETIKO Map
GR1430008 Greece OROS PILIO Map
GR2230008 Greece DIAPONTIA NISIA (OTHONOI, EREIKOUSA, MATHRAKI KAI VRACHONISIDES) Map
GR2420012 Greece OROS OCHI, PARAKTIA ZONI KAI NISIDES Map
GR4220031 Greece VOREIOANATOLIKI TINOS KAI NISIDES Map
GR4130003 Greece VOREIA CHIOS Map
GR4310013 Greece ASTEROUSIA ORI (KOFINAS) Map
IT3340007 Italy Area marina di Miramare Map
IT51A0039 Italy Padule della Trappola, Bocca d'Ombrone Map
HR1000039 Croatia Pučinski otoci Map
HR1000038 Croatia Lastovsko otočje Map
ESZZ16007 Spain Espacio marino de la Marina Alta Map
ES0000513 Spain Espacio marino del Baix Llobregat-Garraf Map
ES0000512 Spain Espacio marino del Delta de l'Ebre-Illes Columbretes Map
ES0000521 Spain Espacio marino del norte y oeste de Menorca Map
ESZZ16006 Spain Espacio marino de Ifac Map
ESZZ16009 Spain Espacio marino de Cabo Roig Map
ES0000522 Spain Espacio marino del sureste de Menorca Map
ESZZ16010 Spain Espacio marino del entorno de Illes Columbretes Map
ESZZ16002 Spain Canal de Menorca Map
ES0000538 Spain ZEPA Espacio marino de Ifac Map
ES0000514 Spain Espacio marino de l'Empordà Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc....ckColorLogged=FDC864

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Barcelona Convention Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA/BD Protocol) http://rac-spa.org/protocol

http://rac-spa.org/sites/def...sion_ig_19_12_en.pdf

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Berta minore mediterranea Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Bukdosó vészmadár Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Levantine Shearwater English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Levantinliitäjä Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Medelhavslira Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pardela do Mediterrâneo Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pardela Mediterránea Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Puffin de Méditerranée French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Yelkouan-Sturmtaucher German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Yelkouanpijlstormvogel Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

19 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 1/10 (pairs) 1992-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 0/10 (pairs) 1995-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 50/100 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 500/1000 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 240/360 (pairs) 1996-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 4000/7000 (pairs) 1995-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 1000/2000 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece Mediterranean 1000/2000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Italy 7000/14000 (pairs) 2003 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 11000/18000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Malta 1400/1560 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Malta 15/100 (individuals) 1995-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Malta Mediterranean 500/1000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Spain 50/249 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 3300/5000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Turkey 4000/8000 (individuals) 1991-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 0/10000 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 1000/30000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Ukraine 250/999 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

19 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 80% to 89% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece Mediterranean 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Italy 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Malta 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Malta 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Malta Mediterranean 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Spain 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Turkey 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1970-1990 Breeding Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Ukraine 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International
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