Mediterranean and Pontic facies with Mytilus galloprovincialis

English name: Mediterranean and Pontic facies with Mytilus galloprovincialis

Description (English)

This facies characterised by the dominance of the mollusc bivalve Mytilus galloprovincialis is typical of areas with high levels of organic input. In the Black Sea this habitat is distributed across wide areas, in the mediolittoral as well as into the infralittoral, from the spray zone to 55 m, where the dominant species is the bivalve mollusc Mytilus galloprovincialis, the most widespread mussel in the Black Sea (Zaitsev and Aleksandrov, 1998). The biocenosis consists of 105 animal species (Zaitsev and Alexandrov 1998) of which the most characteristic are: Polychaeta - Nereis (Neanthes) succinea, Nereis diversicolor, Polydora ciliata limicola; Mollusca - Mytilus galloprovincialis, Mytilaster lineatus; Crustacea - Balanus improvisus, Jaera sarsi, Stenothoe monoculoides, Marinogammarus olivii, Melita palmate, Microdeutopus gryllotalpa, Amphitoe viallanti, Jassia ocia, Erichthonius difformis (Alexandrov, 2006). On the NW shelf the mass species are: Mya arenaria, Balanus improvisus, Nereis succinea, Prionopsio cirrifera. On the Crimean shelf the mass species are:the mollusc, Modiolus adriaticus, and the polychaete Terebellides stroemi. Along the Turkish coasts, the most encountered amphipod species are: Jassa marmorata, Hylae crassipes, Ampithoe ramondi, Corophium acherisicum, Corophium acutum (Sezgin et al., 2001). Ephemeral algae may cover Mytilus.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code A3.134
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (A3)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Invertebrates Ampithoe ramondi
Invertebrates Balanus improvisus
Invertebrates Corophium acutum
Invertebrates Jaera sarsi
Invertebrates Jassa marmorata
Invertebrates Microdeutopus gryllotalpa
Invertebrates Modiolus adriaticus
Invertebrates Mya arenaria
Invertebrates Mytilaster lineatus
Invertebrates Mytilus galloprovincialis
Invertebrates Nereis diversicolor
Invertebrates Stenothoe monoculoides
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Ampithoe ramondi Invertebrates
Balanus improvisus Invertebrates
Corophium acutum Invertebrates
Jaera sarsi Invertebrates
Jassa marmorata Invertebrates
Microdeutopus gryllotalpa Invertebrates
Modiolus adriaticus Invertebrates
Mya arenaria Invertebrates
Mytilaster lineatus Invertebrates
Mytilus galloprovincialis Invertebrates
Nereis diversicolor Invertebrates
Stenothoe monoculoides Invertebrates

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Barcelona Convention 199812 III.6.1.4. Facies with Mytilus galloprovincialis source
CORINE Land Cover 5.2.3. Sea and ocean n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A3.134 Facies with Mytilus galloprovincialis same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A3.134 Facies with Mytilus galloprovincialis same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A3.134 Facies with Mytilus galloprovincialis same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A3.134 Facies with Mytilus galloprovincialis same
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