Heavy-metal dry grassland of the Balkans

Description (English)

Grassland confined to dry, nutrient-poor soils rich in heavy metals derived from ultramafic bedrock in the mountains of the Balkans, Euboea and Cyprus with an open cover of grasses and forbs, including many endemics.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R17

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Euphorbia glabriflora
Flowering Plants Stachys scardica
Flowering Plants Halacsya sendtneri
Flowering Plants Plantago holosteum
Flowering Plants Centaurea kosaninii
Flowering Plants Minuartia verna
Flowering Plants Potentilla visianii
Flowering Plants Scabiosa fumarioides
Flowering Plants Poa badensis
Flowering Plants Fumana bonapartei
Flowering Plants Astragalus onobrychis
Flowering Plants Artemisia alba
Flowering Plants Linum tauricum
Flowering Plants Bromopsis riparia
Flowering Plants Festuca panciciana
Flowering Plants Silene bupleuroides
Flowering Plants Euphorbia barrelieri
Flowering Plants Verbascum glabratum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Euphorbia glabriflora Flowering Plants
Stachys scardica Flowering Plants
Halacsya sendtneri Flowering Plants
Plantago holosteum Flowering Plants
Centaurea kosaninii Flowering Plants
Minuartia verna Flowering Plants
Potentilla visianii Flowering Plants
Scabiosa fumarioides Flowering Plants
Poa badensis Flowering Plants
Fumana bonapartei Flowering Plants
Astragalus onobrychis Flowering Plants
Artemisia alba Flowering Plants
Linum tauricum Flowering Plants
Bromopsis riparia Flowering Plants
Festuca panciciana Flowering Plants
Silene bupleuroides Flowering Plants
Euphorbia barrelieri Flowering Plants
Verbascum glabratum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Minuartia verna
Flowering Plants Sanguisorba minor
Flowering Plants Plantago holosteum
Flowering Plants Euphorbia glabriflora
Flowering Plants Stachys recta
Flowering Plants Dorycnium pentaphyllum
Flowering Plants Astragalus onobrychis
Flowering Plants Stachys scardica
Flowering Plants Teucrium montanum
Flowering Plants Bromopsis riparia
Flowering Plants Sedum album
Flowering Plants Leontodon crispus
Flowering Plants Erysimum diffusum
Flowering Plants Artemisia alba
Flowering Plants Thymus longicaulis
Flowering Plants Poa badensis
Flowering Plants Galium lucidum
Flowering Plants Alyssum montanum

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Minuartia verna Flowering Plants
Sanguisorba minor Flowering Plants
Plantago holosteum Flowering Plants
Euphorbia glabriflora Flowering Plants
Stachys recta Flowering Plants
Dorycnium pentaphyllum Flowering Plants
Astragalus onobrychis Flowering Plants
Stachys scardica Flowering Plants
Teucrium montanum Flowering Plants
Bromopsis riparia Flowering Plants
Sedum album Flowering Plants
Leontodon crispus Flowering Plants
Erysimum diffusum Flowering Plants
Artemisia alba Flowering Plants
Thymus longicaulis Flowering Plants
Poa badensis Flowering Plants
Galium lucidum Flowering Plants
Alyssum montanum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Euphorbia glabriflora
Flowering Plants Scabiosa fumarioides
Flowering Plants Minuartia verna
Flowering Plants Halacsya sendtneri
Flowering Plants Convolvulus boissieri

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Euphorbia glabriflora Flowering Plants
Scabiosa fumarioides Flowering Plants
Minuartia verna Flowering Plants
Halacsya sendtneri Flowering Plants
Convolvulus boissieri Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E1.1 Inland sand and rock with open vegetation narrower
European Red List of Habitats E1.1h Heavy-metal dry grassland of the Balkans same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.1 Inland sand and rock with open vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.1 Open thermophile pioneer vegetation of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.1 Open thermophile pioneer vegetation of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.1 Open thermophile pioneer vegetation of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.1 Open thermophile grasslands of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.3 Open thermophile grasslands of sandy or detritic ground same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.1 Middle European pioneer swards same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.1 Middle European pioneer swards same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.1   same
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