Mediterranean annual communities of shallow soils

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R1F1

Description (English)

Spring-blooming, summer-desiccated formations of therophytes developed on base-rich, often calcareous, superficial soils of mesomediterranean and thermo-Mediterranean zones of the Mediterranean basin, with annual grasses such as Bromus fasciculatus, Brachypodium distachyon, Lagurus ovatus, Stipa capensis, Parapholis incurva, Hainardia cylindrica, Echinaria todaroana, Desmazeria marina, Desmazeria sicula, Desmazeria zwierleinii, Lamarckia aurea, Narduroides salzmannii, Vulpia unilateralis, Ctenopsis gypsophila, a few perennial grasses (e.g. Koeleria splendens, Dactylis hispanica) and numerous flowering plants, many of them annuals, and a very significant number restricted endemics; among the characteristic species are Silene tridentata, Silene neglecta, Silene sedoides, Paronychia argentea, Arenaria capillipes, Ionopsidium prolongoi, Erophila verna, Astragalus sesameus, Ononis ornithopodioides, Ononis oligophylla, Ononis sieberi, Onobrychis aequidentata, Trigonella monspeliaca, Trigonella polyceratia, Plantago albicans, Plantago coronopus, Plantago afra, Plantago amplexicaulis, Plantago notata, Plantago ovata, Polygala monspeliaca, Convolvulus lineatus, Eryngium dichotomum, Eryngium triquetrum, Eryngium ilicifolium, Hedysarum spinosissimum, Callipeltis cucullaris, Catananche lutea, Daucus aureus, Daucus lopadusanus, Daucus bocconei, Nigella arvensis, Scorzonera laciniata, Lavatera agrigentina, Scabiosa parviflora, Anthemis muricata, Senecio leucanthemifolius, Limonium calcarae, Limonium echioides, Limonium thouinii, Campanula fastigiata, Campanula erinus, Erodium pulverulentum, Iberis fontqueri, Viola demetria, Arabis verna, Brassica souliei, Aster sorrentinii, Asteriscus aquaticus, Echium parviflorum, Bellis annua, Matricaria aurea, Linaria reflexa, Linaria pseudolaxiflora, Linaria amethystea, Linaria huteri, Linaria platycalyx, Linaria saturejoides, Linaria clementei, Filago cossyrensis, Valantia calva, Sedum litoreum, Sedum caeruleum, Sedum stellatum, Saxifraga tridactylites, Hornungia petraea, Parietaria cretica, Biscutella lyrata, Anagallis monelli, Fedia cornucopiae, Evax pygmaea, Jasione penicillata, Andryala ragusina, Allium pallens ssp. siciliense, Allium agrigentinum, Allium chamaemoly. Various combinations of the species above enter in the constitution of numerous distinctive, often ephemeral and very local communities restricted to small surfaces among, or in clearings of, other formations. The more widespread pastures dominated by annual grasses are for the most part subnitrophilous and better classified under unit 34.8.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Arenaria capillipes
Flowering Plants Astragalus sesameus
Flowering Plants Brachypodium distachyon
Flowering Plants Bromus fasciculatus
Flowering Plants Callipeltis cucullaris
Flowering Plants Catananche lutea
Flowering Plants Convolvulus lineatus
Flowering Plants Ctenopsis gypsophila
Flowering Plants Dactylis hispanica
Flowering Plants Daucus aureus
Flowering Plants Desmazeria marina
Flowering Plants Desmazeria sicula
Flowering Plants Erophila verna
Flowering Plants Eryngium dichotomum
Flowering Plants Eryngium ilicifolium
Flowering Plants Eryngium triquetrum
Flowering Plants Hainardia cylindrica
Flowering Plants Hedysarum spinosissimum
Flowering Plants Koeleria splendens
Flowering Plants Lagurus ovatus
Flowering Plants Lamarckia aurea
Flowering Plants Narduroides salzmannii
Flowering Plants Onobrychis aequidentata
Flowering Plants Ononis oligophylla
Flowering Plants Ononis ornithopodioides
Flowering Plants Ononis sieberi
Flowering Plants Parapholis incurva
Flowering Plants Paronychia argentea
Flowering Plants Plantago afra
Flowering Plants Plantago albicans
Flowering Plants Plantago amplexicaulis
Flowering Plants Plantago coronopus
Flowering Plants Plantago notata
Flowering Plants Plantago ovata
Flowering Plants Polygala monspeliaca
Flowering Plants Silene neglecta
Flowering Plants Silene sedoides
Flowering Plants Silene tridentata
Flowering Plants Stipa capensis
Flowering Plants Trigonella monspeliaca
Flowering Plants Trigonella polyceratia
Flowering Plants Vulpia unilateralis
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Arenaria capillipes Flowering Plants
Astragalus sesameus Flowering Plants
Brachypodium distachyon Flowering Plants
Bromus fasciculatus Flowering Plants
Callipeltis cucullaris Flowering Plants
Catananche lutea Flowering Plants
Convolvulus lineatus Flowering Plants
Ctenopsis gypsophila Flowering Plants
Dactylis hispanica Flowering Plants
Daucus aureus Flowering Plants
Desmazeria marina Flowering Plants
Desmazeria sicula Flowering Plants
Erophila verna Flowering Plants
Eryngium dichotomum Flowering Plants
Eryngium ilicifolium Flowering Plants
Eryngium triquetrum Flowering Plants
Hainardia cylindrica Flowering Plants
Hedysarum spinosissimum Flowering Plants
Koeleria splendens Flowering Plants
Lagurus ovatus Flowering Plants
Lamarckia aurea Flowering Plants
Narduroides salzmannii Flowering Plants
Onobrychis aequidentata Flowering Plants
Ononis oligophylla Flowering Plants
Ononis ornithopodioides Flowering Plants
Ononis sieberi Flowering Plants
Parapholis incurva Flowering Plants
Paronychia argentea Flowering Plants
Plantago afra Flowering Plants
Plantago albicans Flowering Plants
Plantago amplexicaulis Flowering Plants
Plantago coronopus Flowering Plants
Plantago notata Flowering Plants
Plantago ovata Flowering Plants
Polygala monspeliaca Flowering Plants
Silene neglecta Flowering Plants
Silene sedoides Flowering Plants
Silene tridentata Flowering Plants
Stipa capensis Flowering Plants
Trigonella monspeliaca Flowering Plants
Trigonella polyceratia Flowering Plants
Vulpia unilateralis Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E1.313 Mediterranean annual communities of shallow soils same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.313 Mediterranean annual communities of shallow soils same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.313 Mediterranean annual communities of shallow soils same
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