EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > R - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > R1 - Dry grasslands > R1J - Cyrno-Sardean oromediterranean siliceous dry grassland

Cyrno-Sardean oromediterranean siliceous dry grassland

Description (English)

Grassland of base-poor soils over siliceous bedrock on the slopes and crests of high mountains in Corsica and Sardinia, with a short growing season and harsh winters when strong winds blow the ground free of snow and leave the surface subject to deep cold which encourages the development of freeze-thaw features. The cover of vegetation is intermediate to complete, dominated by prostrate herbs, cushion plants and dwarf shrubs, and includes many endemics.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R1J

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Cerastium soleirolii
Flowering Plants Sagina pilifera
Flowering Plants Galium corsicum
Flowering Plants Genista lobelii
Flowering Plants Hypochaeris robertia
Flowering Plants Poa balbisii
Flowering Plants Carlina macrocephala
Flowering Plants Plantago subulata
Flowering Plants Ligusticum corsicum
Flowering Plants Thymus herba-barona
Flowering Plants Stachys corsica
Flowering Plants Bellium bellidioides
Flowering Plants Armeria sardoa
Flowering Plants Pilosella lactucella
Flowering Plants Festuca morisiana
Flowering Plants Anthyllis hermanniae
Flowering Plants Sesamoides minor
Flowering Plants Berberis aetnensis

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cerastium soleirolii Flowering Plants
Sagina pilifera Flowering Plants
Galium corsicum Flowering Plants
Genista lobelii Flowering Plants
Hypochaeris robertia Flowering Plants
Poa balbisii Flowering Plants
Carlina macrocephala Flowering Plants
Plantago subulata Flowering Plants
Ligusticum corsicum Flowering Plants
Thymus herba-barona Flowering Plants
Stachys corsica Flowering Plants
Bellium bellidioides Flowering Plants
Armeria sardoa Flowering Plants
Pilosella lactucella Flowering Plants
Festuca morisiana Flowering Plants
Anthyllis hermanniae Flowering Plants
Sesamoides minor Flowering Plants
Berberis aetnensis Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Cerastium soleirolii
Flowering Plants Sagina pilifera
Flowering Plants Rumex acetosella
Flowering Plants Hypochaeris robertia
Flowering Plants Plantago subulata
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. nana
Flowering Plants Genista lobelii
Flowering Plants Carex caryophyllea
Flowering Plants Thymus herba-barona
Flowering Plants Nardus stricta
Flowering Plants Galium corsicum
Flowering Plants Agrostis castellana
Flowering Plants Sedum brevifolium
Flowering Plants Poa bulbosa
Flowering Plants Poa balbisii
Flowering Plants Petrorhagia saxifraga
Flowering Plants Carlina macrocephala
Flowering Plants Bellium bellidioides
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Flowering Plants Stachys corsica

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cerastium soleirolii Flowering Plants
Sagina pilifera Flowering Plants
Rumex acetosella Flowering Plants
Hypochaeris robertia Flowering Plants
Plantago subulata Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis subsp. nana Conifers
Genista lobelii Flowering Plants
Carex caryophyllea Flowering Plants
Thymus herba-barona Flowering Plants
Nardus stricta Flowering Plants
Galium corsicum Flowering Plants
Agrostis castellana Flowering Plants
Sedum brevifolium Flowering Plants
Poa bulbosa Flowering Plants
Poa balbisii Flowering Plants
Petrorhagia saxifraga Flowering Plants
Carlina macrocephala Flowering Plants
Bellium bellidioides Flowering Plants
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Stachys corsica Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Sagina pilifera
Flowering Plants Plantago subulata
Flowering Plants Carex caryophyllea
Flowering Plants Genista lobelii
Flowering Plants Festuca morisiana
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Sagina pilifera Flowering Plants
Plantago subulata Flowering Plants
Carex caryophyllea Flowering Plants
Genista lobelii Flowering Plants
Festuca morisiana Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E1.5 Mediterranean-montane grassland narrower
European Red List of Habitats E1.5c Cyrno-Sardean oromediterranean siliceous dry grassland same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.5 Mediterranean-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.16 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.7 Mediterraneo-montane grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.7 Mediterraneo-montane grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.7   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.7   same
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