EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > R - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > R1 - Dry grasslands > R1L - Madeiran oromediterranean siliceous dry grassland

Madeiran oromediterranean siliceous dry grassland

Description (English)

Highly distinctive tussocky grassland, rich in endemics, restricted to mountains in Madeira, where it occurs in crevices and on ledges in siliceous volcanic rocks where the soils are kept permanently moist by the very humid climate. It typically occurs in mosaics with heaths and forests, being threatened by the decline of domestic goat grazing.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R1L

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Vicia capreolata
Flowering Plants Odontites holliana
Flowering Plants Deschampsia maderensis
Flowering Plants Sinapidendron frutescens
Flowering Plants Festuca jubata
Flowering Plants Anthyllis lemanniana
Flowering Plants Aichryson villosum
Flowering Plants Bunium brevifolium
Flowering Plants Ranunculus cortusifolius
Flowering Plants Viola paradoxa

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Vicia capreolata Flowering Plants
Odontites holliana Flowering Plants
Deschampsia maderensis Flowering Plants
Sinapidendron frutescens Flowering Plants
Festuca jubata Flowering Plants
Anthyllis lemanniana Flowering Plants
Aichryson villosum Flowering Plants
Bunium brevifolium Flowering Plants
Ranunculus cortusifolius Flowering Plants
Viola paradoxa Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Vicia capreolata
Flowering Plants Ranunculus cortusifolius
Flowering Plants Odontites holliana
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Sinapidendron frutescens
Flowering Plants Senecio vulgaris
Flowering Plants Geranium purpureum
Flowering Plants Festuca jubata
Flowering Plants Deschampsia maderensis
Flowering Plants Centranthus calcitrapae

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Vicia capreolata Flowering Plants
Ranunculus cortusifolius Flowering Plants
Odontites holliana Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Sinapidendron frutescens Flowering Plants
Senecio vulgaris Flowering Plants
Geranium purpureum Flowering Plants
Festuca jubata Flowering Plants
Deschampsia maderensis Flowering Plants
Centranthus calcitrapae Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Odontites holliana
Flowering Plants Monizia edulis
Flowering Plants Festuca jubata
Flowering Plants Deschampsia maderensis
Flowering Plants Aichryson villosum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Odontites holliana Flowering Plants
Monizia edulis Flowering Plants
Festuca jubata Flowering Plants
Deschampsia maderensis Flowering Plants
Aichryson villosum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E1.5 Mediterranean-montane grassland narrower
European Red List of Habitats E1.5e Madeirean oromediterranean siliceous dry grassland same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.5 Mediterranean-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.16 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.7 Mediterraneo-montane grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.7 Mediterraneo-montane grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.7   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.7   same
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