EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > R - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > R1 - Dry grasslands > R1N - Open Iberian supramediterranean dry acid and neutral grassland

Open Iberian supramediterranean dry acid and neutral grassland

Description (English)

Dominated by small tussock grasses, forbs and mat-formers, including many endemics, this grassland occurs on shallow skeletal soils, nutrient-poor and drought-prone, developed over outcrops of siliceous and ultramafic bedrocks at moderate to high altitudes in the western Iberian Peninsula. The habitat is a traditional part of pastoral landscapes grazed mostly by sheep.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R1N

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Lotus glareosus
Flowering Plants Koeleria crassipes
Flowering Plants Arenaria querioides
Flowering Plants Festuca summilusitana
Flowering Plants Armeria eriophylla
Flowering Plants Plantago subulata
Flowering Plants Leucanthemopsis pulverulenta
Flowering Plants Reseda virgata
Flowering Plants Molineriella laevis
Flowering Plants Sedum brevifolium
Flowering Plants Sagina merinoi
Flowering Plants Paronychia polygonifolia
Flowering Plants Jasione crispa
Flowering Plants Festuca indigesta
Flowering Plants Cerastium gracile

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Lotus glareosus Flowering Plants
Koeleria crassipes Flowering Plants
Arenaria querioides Flowering Plants
Festuca summilusitana Flowering Plants
Armeria eriophylla Flowering Plants
Plantago subulata Flowering Plants
Leucanthemopsis pulverulenta Flowering Plants
Reseda virgata Flowering Plants
Molineriella laevis Flowering Plants
Sedum brevifolium Flowering Plants
Sagina merinoi Flowering Plants
Paronychia polygonifolia Flowering Plants
Jasione crispa Flowering Plants
Festuca indigesta Flowering Plants
Cerastium gracile Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Lotus glareosus
Flowering Plants Plantago subulata
Flowering Plants Sedum brevifolium
Flowering Plants Rumex acetosella
Flowering Plants Poa bulbosa
Flowering Plants Jasione crispa
Flowering Plants Koeleria crassipes
Flowering Plants Filago minima
Flowering Plants Festuca indigesta
Flowering Plants Agrostis castellana
Flowering Plants Arenaria querioides
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichum piliferum
Flowering Plants Festuca summilusitana
Flowering Plants Tuberaria guttata
Flowering Plants Nardus stricta
Flowering Plants Festuca iberica
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Lotus glareosus Flowering Plants
Plantago subulata Flowering Plants
Sedum brevifolium Flowering Plants
Rumex acetosella Flowering Plants
Poa bulbosa Flowering Plants
Jasione crispa Flowering Plants
Koeleria crassipes Flowering Plants
Filago minima Flowering Plants
Festuca indigesta Flowering Plants
Agrostis castellana Flowering Plants
Arenaria querioides Flowering Plants
Polytrichum piliferum Mosses & Liverworts
Festuca summilusitana Flowering Plants
Tuberaria guttata Flowering Plants
Nardus stricta Flowering Plants
Festuca iberica Flowering Plants
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Festuca indigesta
Flowering Plants Nardus stricta

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Festuca indigesta Flowering Plants
Nardus stricta Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.81 Mediterranean therophytic siliceous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.8 Mediterranean dry acid and neutral closed grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.8 Mediterranean dry acid and neutral closed grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.81 Mediterranean therophytic siliceous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.81 Mediterranean therophytic siliceous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.8 Mediterranean dry acid and neutral closed grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.81 Mediterranean siliceous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.8 Mediterranean dry acid and neutral closed grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.81 Mediterranean siliceous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.8 Mediterranean dry acid and neutral grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.23 Mediterranean siliceous grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 35.3 Mediterranean siliceous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 35.3 Mediterranean siliceous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 35.3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 35.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 35.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 35.3   same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100