Pannonic dune open grasslands

Description (English)

More or less open grasslands constituting the second stage of succession in the colonisation of Pannonic dunes, dominated by the perennial grasses Festuca vaginata, Stipa capillata, Stipa borysthenica, Cleistogenes serotina, Koeleria glauca, Koeleria cristata, Carex liparocarpos, accompanied by Euphorbia seguierana, Alkanna tinctoria, Alyssum montanum ssp. gmelinii, Dianthus serotinus, Dianthus diutinus, Gypsophila paniculata, Scabiosa ochroleuca, Astragalus austriacus, Astragalus onobrychis, Erysimum diffusum, Fumana procumbens, Minuartia glomerata, Minuartia verna; arid sites on flattened plains are characterized by the abundance of lichens and have Helechrysum arenarium and Kochia laniflora; thermic slopes and tops of dunes support an open community with the shrub Fumana procumbens, Astragalus varius, Helianthemum nummularium, Scabiosa ochroleuca; somewhat water-retentive depressions are characterized by Scirpus holoschoenus and Linum hirsutum ssp. glabrescens; shrub colonisation includes Juniperus communis, Berberis vulgaris and Salix rosmarinifolia. Decalcified dune tops and slopes may support more acidophilous formations dominated by Corynephorus canescens, with Jasione montana and Rumex acetosella ssp. tenuifolia, but also with many species of the calcareous sandy grasslands, including Festuca vaginata and Koeleria glauca.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R1Q74

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Conifers Juniperus communis
Flowering Plants Alkanna tinctoria
Flowering Plants Alyssum montanum
Flowering Plants Astragalus varius
Flowering Plants Berberis vulgaris
Flowering Plants Carex liparocarpos
Flowering Plants Cleistogenes serotina
Flowering Plants Corynephorus canescens
Flowering Plants Euphorbia seguierana
Flowering Plants Festuca vaginata
Flowering Plants Fumana procumbens
Flowering Plants Kochia laniflora
Flowering Plants Koeleria cristata
Flowering Plants Koeleria glauca
Flowering Plants Linum hirsutum
Flowering Plants Rumex acetosella
Flowering Plants Salix rosmarinifolia
Flowering Plants Scirpus holoschoenus
Flowering Plants Stipa borysthenica
Flowering Plants Stipa capillata
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis Conifers
Alkanna tinctoria Flowering Plants
Alyssum montanum Flowering Plants
Astragalus varius Flowering Plants
Berberis vulgaris Flowering Plants
Carex liparocarpos Flowering Plants
Cleistogenes serotina Flowering Plants
Corynephorus canescens Flowering Plants
Euphorbia seguierana Flowering Plants
Festuca vaginata Flowering Plants
Fumana procumbens Flowering Plants
Kochia laniflora Flowering Plants
Koeleria cristata Flowering Plants
Koeleria glauca Flowering Plants
Linum hirsutum Flowering Plants
Rumex acetosella Flowering Plants
Salix rosmarinifolia Flowering Plants
Scirpus holoschoenus Flowering Plants
Stipa borysthenica Flowering Plants
Stipa capillata Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E1.994 Pannonic dune open grasslands same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.9B4 Pannonic dune open grasslands same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.9B4 Pannonic dune open grasslands same
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