Calaminarian grassland

Description (English)

Open formations colonizing heavy metal soils, either natural or resulting from past mining operations, in rapid regression and limited to a few stations in eastern Belgium, western Rhineland, Westphalia and Lower Saxony, and to one station in the southern Netherlands, with outposts in northern France, comprised of a highly specialised flora with the endemics Viola calaminaria, Viola guestphalica, Thlaspi caerulescens (Thlaspi alpestre ssp. calaminare) and Festuca aquisgranensis (Festuca ophioliticola ssp. calaminaria), with Minuartia verna var. hercynica, Silene vulgaris ssp. humilis and Armeria halleri, limited to this formation and the next, and with the steppic, central European Festuca valesiaca.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R1S2

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Festuca ophioliticola
Flowering Plants Festuca valesiaca
Flowering Plants Minuartia verna
Flowering Plants Silene vulgaris
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Festuca ophioliticola Flowering Plants
Festuca valesiaca Flowering Plants
Minuartia verna Flowering Plants
Silene vulgaris Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E1.B2 Calaminarian grassland same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.B2 Calaminarian grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.B2 Calaminarian grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.B2 Calaminarian grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.B2 Calaminarian grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.B2 Calaminarian grasslands same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.42 Calaminarian grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.22 Calaminarian grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.22 Calaminarian grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.22   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.22   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.22   same
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