EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > R - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > R2 - Mesic grasslands > R21 - Mesic permanent pasture of lowlands and mountains

Mesic permanent pasture of lowlands and mountains

Description (English)

The most common and widespread kind of traditionally managed pasture on deeper, well-drained mesic soils throughout temperate Europe, with many local types related to regional climate, terrain and pastoral traditions. Typically dominated by mixtures of productive grasses and herbs, it can be species-rich with distinctive scarce and rare plants where low input grazing and manuring are maintained. Often once part of wider pastoral landscapes with associated meadows, it is now widely transformed by intensive grazing.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R21

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Trifolium repens
Flowering Plants Lolium perenne
Flowering Plants Cynosurus cristatus
Flowering Plants Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgare
Flowering Plants Bellis perennis
Flowering Plants Phleum pratense

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Trifolium repens Flowering Plants
Lolium perenne Flowering Plants
Cynosurus cristatus Flowering Plants
Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgare Flowering Plants
Bellis perennis Flowering Plants
Phleum pratense Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Trifolium repens
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Plantago lanceolata
Flowering Plants Lolium perenne
Flowering Plants Agrostis capillaris
Flowering Plants Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgare
Flowering Plants Achillea millefolium
Flowering Plants Trifolium pratense
Flowering Plants Ranunculus repens
Flowering Plants Poa pratensis
Flowering Plants Bellis perennis
Flowering Plants Holcus lanatus
Flowering Plants Cynosurus cristatus
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Agrostis stolonifera
Flowering Plants Poa trivialis
Flowering Plants Lotus corniculatus
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Trifolium repens Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Plantago lanceolata Flowering Plants
Lolium perenne Flowering Plants
Agrostis capillaris Flowering Plants
Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgare Flowering Plants
Achillea millefolium Flowering Plants
Trifolium pratense Flowering Plants
Ranunculus repens Flowering Plants
Poa pratensis Flowering Plants
Bellis perennis Flowering Plants
Holcus lanatus Flowering Plants
Cynosurus cristatus Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Agrostis stolonifera Flowering Plants
Poa trivialis Flowering Plants
Lotus corniculatus Flowering Plants
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Lolium perenne
Flowering Plants Trifolium repens
Flowering Plants Agrostis capillaris
Flowering Plants Agrostis stolonifera
Flowering Plants Cynosurus cristatus

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Lolium perenne Flowering Plants
Trifolium repens Flowering Plants
Agrostis capillaris Flowering Plants
Agrostis stolonifera Flowering Plants
Cynosurus cristatus Flowering Plants

Other classifications

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E2.1 Permanent mesotrophic pastures and aftermath-grazed meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E2.1 Permanent mesotrophic pastures and aftermath-grazed meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E2.1 Permanent mesotrophic pastures and aftermath-grazed meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E2.1 Permanent mesotrophic pastures and aftermath-grazed meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E2.1 Permanent mesotrophic lowland pastures and aftermath-grazed meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E3.1 Permanent mesotrophic lowland pasture and aftermath-grazed meadow same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 38.1 Mesophile pastures same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 38.1 Mesophile pastures same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 38.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 38.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 38.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 38.1   same
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