Alpic mountain hay meadows

Description (English)

Species-rich mesophile hay meadows of the montane and subalpine levels (mostly above 600 metres) of the Western Alps and neighbouring mountains (the greater Hercynian ranges, Carpathians, the Dinarides) on fresh, neutral to moderately acid or moderately basic soils, cut one to three times per year. Usually dominated by Trisetum flavescens and with Alchemilla spp., Anthoxanthum odoratum, Astrantia major, Campanula glomerata, Carum carvi, Centaurea nemoralis, Crepis spp., Crocus albiflorus, Geranium spp., Heracleum sphondylium, Chaerophyllum hirsutum, Lilium bulbiferum, Malva moschata, Muscari botryoides, Narcissus poeticus, Phyteuma spp., Pimpinella major, Polygonum bistorta, Primula elatior, Salvia pratensis, Silene spp., Thlaspi caerulescens, Trollius europaeus, Valeriana repens, Viola spp. and many others. In the Carpathians they are represented by the alliance Polygono-Trisetion with many endemic taxa.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R233

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Chaerophyllum hirsutum
Flowering Plants Heracleum sphondylium
Flowering Plants Lilium bulbiferum
Flowering Plants Malva moschata
Flowering Plants Muscari botryoides
Flowering Plants Narcissus poeticus
Flowering Plants Trisetum flavescens
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Chaerophyllum hirsutum Flowering Plants
Heracleum sphondylium Flowering Plants
Lilium bulbiferum Flowering Plants
Malva moschata Flowering Plants
Muscari botryoides Flowering Plants
Narcissus poeticus Flowering Plants
Trisetum flavescens Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E2.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E2.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E2.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E2.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E2.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E2.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E3.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 38.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 38.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 38.31   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 38.31   same
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