Iberian summer pasture (vallicar)

Description (English)

Highly distinctive tall grass pasture and meadow associated with traditional cattle rearing in the lowlands and foothills of western Iberia where a mediterranean or submediterranean climate and the long-established grazing and occasional mowing regimes sustain a striking contingent of regional plants and association with dehesa. The substrate is sandy or clayey, often subject to temporary flooding with rapid desiccation, conditions which affect the pattern of grass dominance.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R24

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Festuca ampla
Flowering Plants Agrostis castellana
Flowering Plants Trifolium strictum
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum aristatum
Flowering Plants Hypochaeris radicata
Flowering Plants Armeria transmontana
Flowering Plants Trifolium striatum
Flowering Plants Chamaemelum nobile
Flowering Plants Ctenopsis delicatula
Flowering Plants Crepis capillaris
Flowering Plants Briza minor
Flowering Plants Gaudinia fragilis
Flowering Plants Festuca elegans
Flowering Plants Armeria lacaitae
Flowering Plants Holcus annuus
Flowering Plants Trifolium cernuum
Flowering Plants Holcus lanatus

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Festuca ampla Flowering Plants
Agrostis castellana Flowering Plants
Trifolium strictum Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum aristatum Flowering Plants
Hypochaeris radicata Flowering Plants
Armeria transmontana Flowering Plants
Trifolium striatum Flowering Plants
Chamaemelum nobile Flowering Plants
Ctenopsis delicatula Flowering Plants
Crepis capillaris Flowering Plants
Briza minor Flowering Plants
Gaudinia fragilis Flowering Plants
Festuca elegans Flowering Plants
Armeria lacaitae Flowering Plants
Holcus annuus Flowering Plants
Trifolium cernuum Flowering Plants
Holcus lanatus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Agrostis castellana
Flowering Plants Festuca ampla
Flowering Plants Hypochaeris radicata
Flowering Plants Plantago lanceolata
Flowering Plants Holcus lanatus
Flowering Plants Daucus carota
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum aristatum
Flowering Plants Pilosella officinarum
Flowering Plants Trifolium pratense
Flowering Plants Bromus hordeaceus
Flowering Plants Trifolium strictum
Flowering Plants Galium verum
Flowering Plants Trifolium striatum
Flowering Plants Trifolium campestre
Flowering Plants Crepis capillaris
Flowering Plants Jasione montana
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Trifolium dubium
Flowering Plants Ranunculus bulbosus
Flowering Plants Gaudinia fragilis

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Agrostis castellana Flowering Plants
Festuca ampla Flowering Plants
Hypochaeris radicata Flowering Plants
Plantago lanceolata Flowering Plants
Holcus lanatus Flowering Plants
Daucus carota Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum aristatum Flowering Plants
Pilosella officinarum Flowering Plants
Trifolium pratense Flowering Plants
Bromus hordeaceus Flowering Plants
Trifolium strictum Flowering Plants
Galium verum Flowering Plants
Trifolium striatum Flowering Plants
Trifolium campestre Flowering Plants
Crepis capillaris Flowering Plants
Jasione montana Flowering Plants
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Trifolium dubium Flowering Plants
Ranunculus bulbosus Flowering Plants
Gaudinia fragilis Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Agrostis castellana
Flowering Plants Festuca ampla
Flowering Plants Gaudinia fragilis
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum aristatum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Agrostis castellana Flowering Plants
Festuca ampla Flowering Plants
Gaudinia fragilis Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum aristatum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E2.4 Iberian summer pastures (vallicares) same
European Red List of Habitats E2.4 Iberian summer pasture (vallicar) same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E2.4 Iberian summer pastures (vallicares) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E2.4 Iberian summer pastures (vallicares) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E2.4 Iberian summer pastures (vallicares) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E2.4 Iberian summer pastures (vallicares) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E2.4 Iberian summer pastures (vallicares) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E3.4 Iberian summer pastures (vallicares) same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 38.4 Iberian vallicares same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 38.4 Iberian vallicares same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 38.4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 38.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 38.4   same
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