Mediterranean short moist grassland of lowlands

Description (English)

Short species-rich swards dominated by graminoids, traditionally sustained by heavy grazing, on clay soils through the Mediterranean region where there is winter waterlogging and distinctive surface cracking in the droughty summer.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R32

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Prunella hyssopifolia
Flowering Plants Jasonia tuberosa
Flowering Plants Deschampsia media
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima subsp. serpentina
Flowering Plants Centaurium pulchellum
Flowering Plants Leontodon hirtus
Flowering Plants Carex flacca
Flowering Plants Lotus tenuis
Flowering Plants Achillea ageratum
Flowering Plants Blackstonia perfoliata
Flowering Plants Brachypodium phoenicoides
Flowering Plants Thymelaea passerina

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Prunella hyssopifolia Flowering Plants
Jasonia tuberosa Flowering Plants
Deschampsia media Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima subsp. serpentina Flowering Plants
Centaurium pulchellum Flowering Plants
Leontodon hirtus Flowering Plants
Carex flacca Flowering Plants
Lotus tenuis Flowering Plants
Achillea ageratum Flowering Plants
Blackstonia perfoliata Flowering Plants
Brachypodium phoenicoides Flowering Plants
Thymelaea passerina Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Carex flacca
Flowering Plants Prunella hyssopifolia
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima subsp. serpentina
Flowering Plants Jasonia tuberosa
Flowering Plants Deschampsia media
Flowering Plants Agrostis stolonifera
Flowering Plants Centaurium pulchellum
Flowering Plants Lotus tenuis
Flowering Plants Deschampsia cespitosa
Flowering Plants Lotus corniculatus
Flowering Plants Briza media
Flowering Plants Brachypodium phoenicoides
Flowering Plants Leontodon hirtus
Flowering Plants Centaurea jacea
Flowering Plants Juncus articulatus
Flowering Plants Blackstonia perfoliata
Flowering Plants Koeleria vallesiana
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Dorycnium pentaphyllum
Flowering Plants Schoenus nigricans

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carex flacca Flowering Plants
Prunella hyssopifolia Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima subsp. serpentina Flowering Plants
Jasonia tuberosa Flowering Plants
Deschampsia media Flowering Plants
Agrostis stolonifera Flowering Plants
Centaurium pulchellum Flowering Plants
Lotus tenuis Flowering Plants
Deschampsia cespitosa Flowering Plants
Lotus corniculatus Flowering Plants
Briza media Flowering Plants
Brachypodium phoenicoides Flowering Plants
Leontodon hirtus Flowering Plants
Centaurea jacea Flowering Plants
Juncus articulatus Flowering Plants
Blackstonia perfoliata Flowering Plants
Koeleria vallesiana Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Dorycnium pentaphyllum Flowering Plants
Schoenus nigricans Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Deschampsia media
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima subsp. serpentina
Flowering Plants Prunella hyssopifolia
Flowering Plants Carex flacca
Flowering Plants Jasonia tuberosa
Flowering Plants Deschampsia cespitosa

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Deschampsia media Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima subsp. serpentina Flowering Plants
Prunella hyssopifolia Flowering Plants
Carex flacca Flowering Plants
Jasonia tuberosa Flowering Plants
Deschampsia cespitosa Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E3.2 Mediterranean short humid grassland narrower
European Red List of Habitats E3.2a Mediterranean short moist grassland of lowlands same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E3.2 Mediterranean short humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E3.2 Mediterranean short humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E3.2 Mediterranean short humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E3.2 Mediterranean short humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E3.2 Mediterranean short humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E2.2 Mediterranean short humid grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 37.5 Mediterranean short humid grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 37.5 Mediterranean short humid grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 37.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 37.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 37.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 37.5   same
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