Mediterranean short moist grassland of mountains

Description (English)

Closed tussocky grassland of moist ground at high altitudes in the western Mediterranean which, remaining green through the summer, provide valuable grazing for transhumant cattle and sheep.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R33

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Festuca rothmaleri
Flowering Plants Narcissus bulbocodium
Flowering Plants Carum verticillatum
Flowering Plants Festuca iberica
Flowering Plants Campanula herminii
Flowering Plants Juncus squarrosus
Flowering Plants Ranunculus bulbosus
Flowering Plants Nardus stricta
Flowering Plants Carex leporina
Flowering Plants Plantago nivalis
Flowering Plants Agrostis castellana
Flowering Plants Jasione laevis
Flowering Plants Cynosurus cristatus
Flowering Plants Pedicularis sylvatica

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Festuca rothmaleri Flowering Plants
Narcissus bulbocodium Flowering Plants
Carum verticillatum Flowering Plants
Festuca iberica Flowering Plants
Campanula herminii Flowering Plants
Juncus squarrosus Flowering Plants
Ranunculus bulbosus Flowering Plants
Nardus stricta Flowering Plants
Carex leporina Flowering Plants
Plantago nivalis Flowering Plants
Agrostis castellana Flowering Plants
Jasione laevis Flowering Plants
Cynosurus cristatus Flowering Plants
Pedicularis sylvatica Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Nardus stricta
Flowering Plants Festuca rothmaleri
Flowering Plants Ranunculus bulbosus
Flowering Plants Juncus squarrosus
Flowering Plants Agrostis castellana
Flowering Plants Trifolium repens
Flowering Plants Carum verticillatum
Flowering Plants Hypochaeris radicata
Flowering Plants Pilosella officinarum
Flowering Plants Luzula campestris
Flowering Plants Holcus lanatus
Flowering Plants Festuca iberica
Flowering Plants Carex leporina
Flowering Plants Trifolium pratense
Flowering Plants Danthonia decumbens
Flowering Plants Cynosurus cristatus
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Potentilla erecta
Flowering Plants Narcissus bulbocodium
Flowering Plants Lotus corniculatus

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Nardus stricta Flowering Plants
Festuca rothmaleri Flowering Plants
Ranunculus bulbosus Flowering Plants
Juncus squarrosus Flowering Plants
Agrostis castellana Flowering Plants
Trifolium repens Flowering Plants
Carum verticillatum Flowering Plants
Hypochaeris radicata Flowering Plants
Pilosella officinarum Flowering Plants
Luzula campestris Flowering Plants
Holcus lanatus Flowering Plants
Festuca iberica Flowering Plants
Carex leporina Flowering Plants
Trifolium pratense Flowering Plants
Danthonia decumbens Flowering Plants
Cynosurus cristatus Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Potentilla erecta Flowering Plants
Narcissus bulbocodium Flowering Plants
Lotus corniculatus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Nardus stricta
Flowering Plants Festuca rothmaleri
Flowering Plants Agrostis castellana
Flowering Plants Festuca iberica
Flowering Plants Juncus squarrosus
Flowering Plants Juncus acutiflorus

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Nardus stricta Flowering Plants
Festuca rothmaleri Flowering Plants
Agrostis castellana Flowering Plants
Festuca iberica Flowering Plants
Juncus squarrosus Flowering Plants
Juncus acutiflorus Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E3.2 Mediterranean short humid grassland narrower
European Red List of Habitats E3.2b Mediterranean short moist grassland of mountains same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E3.2 Mediterranean short humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E3.2 Mediterranean short humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E3.2 Mediterranean short humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E3.2 Mediterranean short humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E3.2 Mediterranean short humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E2.2 Mediterranean short humid grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 37.5 Mediterranean short humid grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 37.5 Mediterranean short humid grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 37.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 37.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 37.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 37.5   same
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