Subcontinental riverine meadows

Description (English)

Meadows of the valleys of great rivers of continental or subcontinental climate regions of Central Europe, submitted to repeated inundation periods in the year, characteristic of the Elbe, the Saale, the Main valleys of Germany and Bohemia, occuring also in Moravia, Austria, Slovakia, Croatia and Serbia, with a disjunct outpost in the arid Rhine graben. They are usually dominated by Deschampsia cespitosa or Alopecurus pratensis, Poa palustris, Poa pratensis, Carex and Juncus species. Characteristic species include Cnidium dubium (Cnidium venosum), Viola persicifolia, Allium angulosum, Clematis integrifolia, Iris sibirica, Oenanthe lachenalii, Oenanthe silaifolia, Gratiola officinalis, Juncus atratus, Leucojum aestivum, Carex praecox var. suzae, Carex melanostachya, Serratula tinctoria, Lythrum virgatum. Because of universal river control schemes, these communities, dependent on natural or near natural flow regemes, are extremely threatened. Vegetation of alliance Cnidion venosi.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R353

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Alopecurus pratensis
Flowering Plants Deschampsia cespitosa
Flowering Plants Poa palustris
Flowering Plants Poa pratensis
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Alopecurus pratensis Flowering Plants
Deschampsia cespitosa Flowering Plants
Poa palustris Flowering Plants
Poa pratensis Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E3.43 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E3.43 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E3.43 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E3.43 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E3.43 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E3.44 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E2.47 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 37.23 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 37.23 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 37.23   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 37.23   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 37.23   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 37.23   same
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