Thermophilous forest fringe of base-rich soils

Description (English)

Fringe communities on neutral to base-rich, only moderately nutrient-rich soils in the transition zone between forests or scrub and open habitats or in similar situations alongside cliffs and on roadsides. They occur across large parts of lowland North-Western Europe, but also extending into more continental regions where they fringe more open thermophilous forests, and into cooler montane levels to the south and south-east. Typically comprising half-shade plants, other species of neighbouring habitats can also find a place and, in calcareous landscapes, the vegetation can be very species-rich, harbouring many rare and/or endangered species. This vegetation depends on grazing or mowing to prevent succession.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R51

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Geranium sanguineum
Flowering Plants Trifolium medium
Flowering Plants Peucedanum cervaria
Flowering Plants Origanum vulgare

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Geranium sanguineum Flowering Plants
Trifolium medium Flowering Plants
Peucedanum cervaria Flowering Plants
Origanum vulgare Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Geranium sanguineum
Flowering Plants Achillea millefolium
Flowering Plants Trifolium medium
Flowering Plants Origanum vulgare
Flowering Plants Poa pratensis
Flowering Plants Euphorbia cyparissias
Flowering Plants Galium mollugo
Flowering Plants Vincetoxicum hirundinaria
Flowering Plants Hypericum perforatum
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Galium verum
Flowering Plants Clinopodium vulgare
Flowering Plants Fragaria vesca
Flowering Plants Arrhenatherum elatius
Flowering Plants Veronica chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Polygonatum odoratum
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Agrimonia eupatoria

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Geranium sanguineum Flowering Plants
Achillea millefolium Flowering Plants
Trifolium medium Flowering Plants
Origanum vulgare Flowering Plants
Poa pratensis Flowering Plants
Euphorbia cyparissias Flowering Plants
Galium mollugo Flowering Plants
Vincetoxicum hirundinaria Flowering Plants
Hypericum perforatum Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Galium verum Flowering Plants
Clinopodium vulgare Flowering Plants
Fragaria vesca Flowering Plants
Arrhenatherum elatius Flowering Plants
Veronica chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Polygonatum odoratum Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Agrimonia eupatoria Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Trifolium medium
Flowering Plants Geranium sanguineum
Flowering Plants Vincetoxicum hirundinaria
Flowering Plants Peucedanum cervaria

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Trifolium medium Flowering Plants
Geranium sanguineum Flowering Plants
Vincetoxicum hirundinaria Flowering Plants
Peucedanum cervaria Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E5.21 Xero-thermophile fringes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E5.2 Thermophile woodland fringes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E5.21 Xero-thermophile fringes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E5.2 Thermophile woodland fringes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E5.2 Thermophile woodland fringes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E5.21 Xero-thermophile fringes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E5.2 Thermophile woodland fringes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E5.21 Xero-thermophile fringes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.A1 Xero-thermophile fringes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.A Thermophile woodland fringes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.12 Thermophile woodland fringes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.121 Xero-thermophile fringes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.41 Xero-thermophile fringes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.4 Thermophile forest fringes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.4 Thermophile forest fringes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.41 Xero-thermophile fringes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.41   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.41   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.41   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.41   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.4   same
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