Pteridium aquilinum vegetation

Description (English)

Dense species-poor stands of bracken (Pteridium aquilinum), naturally a lowland European forest fern which, when not held in check by dense shade and lacking the traditional management of cutting and trampling by cattle, readily establishes itself as a dominant in non-forest land. It spreads vigorously by rhizome extension and produces a deep litter layer. It is common in many pastoral landscapes that are less traditionally managed than before. It can also dominate in areas of burned forest.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R54

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Agrostis capillaris
Flowering Plants Potentilla erecta
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Holcus lanatus
Flowering Plants Galium saxatile
Flowering Plants Teucrium scorodonia
Flowering Plants Rubus fruticosus
Flowering Plants Molinia caerulea
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Holcus mollis
Flowering Plants Viola riviniana
Flowering Plants Achillea millefolium
Flowering Plants Rumex acetosa

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Agrostis capillaris Flowering Plants
Potentilla erecta Flowering Plants
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Holcus lanatus Flowering Plants
Galium saxatile Flowering Plants
Teucrium scorodonia Flowering Plants
Rubus fruticosus Flowering Plants
Molinia caerulea Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Holcus mollis Flowering Plants
Viola riviniana Flowering Plants
Achillea millefolium Flowering Plants
Rumex acetosa Flowering Plants
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Agrostis capillaris

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Agrostis capillaris Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E5.3 Pteridium aquilinum fields same
European Red List of Habitats E5.3 Pteridium aquilinum stand same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E5.3 Pteridium aquilinum fields same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E5.3 Pteridium aquilinum fields same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E5.3 Pteridium aquilinum fields same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E5.3 Pteridium aquilinum fields same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E2.6 Pteridium aquilinum fields same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F1.5 Bracken fields same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 31.86 Bracken fields same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 31.86 Bracken fields same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 31.86   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 31.86   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 31.86   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 31.86   same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100