Oro-Scandian bilberry-dwarf cornel birch forests

Description (English)

Low to medium tall (to 6 m) Betula pubescens ssp. czerepanovii woods of the mountains of Norway and northern Finland, extending from the subalpine belt down, in western Norway, to the fjords, developing in somewhat warmer and wetter areas and occupying thick humus layers on weak podsols of sandy more nutrient-rich moraines than those of units T1C1421 and T1C1422, with an undergrowth dominated by Cornus suecica, Empetrum hermaphroditum, Vaccinium myrtillus, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Deschampsia flexuosa, accompanied by taller shrubs, primarily of Juniperus communis and Salix spp.; accompanying species include Linnaea borealis, Solidago virgaurea, Trientalis europaea, Vaccinium uliginosum, Molinia caerulea, Luzula sylvatica, Thelypteris limbosperma, Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Blechnum spicant, Dryopteris expansa, Dicranum scoparium, Dicranum majus, Hylocomium splendens, Pleurozium schreberi, Cladonia spp.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1C1423

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Conifers Juniperus communis
Ferns Blechnum spicant
Ferns Dryopteris expansa
Ferns Gymnocarpium dryopteris
Ferns Thelypteris limbosperma
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Luzula sylvatica
Flowering Plants Molinia caerulea
Flowering Plants Solidago virgaurea
Flowering Plants Trientalis europaea
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum majus
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis Conifers
Blechnum spicant Ferns
Dryopteris expansa Ferns
Gymnocarpium dryopteris Ferns
Thelypteris limbosperma Ferns
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Luzula sylvatica Flowering Plants
Molinia caerulea Flowering Plants
Solidago virgaurea Flowering Plants
Trientalis europaea Flowering Plants
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Dicranum majus Mosses & Liverworts
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.91723 Oro-Scandian bilberry-dwarf cornel birch woods same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.91723 Oro-Scandian bilberry-dwarf cornel birch woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.91723 Oro-Scandian bilberry-dwarf cornel birch woods same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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