EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T1 - Deciduous broadleaved forest > T1D - Southern European mountain Betula and Populus tremula forest on mineral soils

Southern European mountain Betula and Populus tremula forest on mineral soils

Description (English)

Diverse climax and paraclimax forests dominated by birch (Betula pendula and closely related species) or aspen (Populus tremula) on usually acidic mineral soils in humid ravines and gorges and on unstable substrates in the montane to subalpine belts of the Pyrenees, Corsica, Apennines, Sicily and the southern Balkans.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1D

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Betula pendula
Flowering Plants Populus tremula
Flowering Plants Cruciata glabra
Flowering Plants Hepatica nobilis

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula pendula Flowering Plants
Populus tremula Flowering Plants
Cruciata glabra Flowering Plants
Hepatica nobilis Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Betula pendula
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Populus tremula
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Fragaria vesca
Flowering Plants Cruciata glabra
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Poa nemoralis
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis
Flowering Plants Hepatica nobilis
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Flowering Plants Rubus fruticosus
Flowering Plants Stellaria holostea
Flowering Plants Salix caprea
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Conifers Abies alba
Flowering Plants Teucrium scorodonia
Flowering Plants Rubus idaeus

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula pendula Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Populus tremula Flowering Plants
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Fragaria vesca Flowering Plants
Cruciata glabra Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Poa nemoralis Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Hepatica nobilis Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Rubus fruticosus Flowering Plants
Stellaria holostea Flowering Plants
Salix caprea Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Abies alba Conifers
Teucrium scorodonia Flowering Plants
Rubus idaeus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Betula pendula
Flowering Plants Populus tremula
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Flowering Plants Buxus sempervirens
Flowering Plants Rubus fruticosus
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Erica arborea

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula pendula Flowering Plants
Populus tremula Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Buxus sempervirens Flowering Plants
Rubus fruticosus Flowering Plants
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Erica arborea Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula or Sorbus aucuparia same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula, Sorbus aucuparia or Corylus avellana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula, Sorbus aucuparia or Corylus avellana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula, Sorbus aucuparia or Corylus avellana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Alnus, Populus tremula, Betula or Ulmus same
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