Canary Island laurisilvas

Description (English)

Lauriphyllous forests of the Canary Islands, with Laurus azorica, Picconia excelsa, Persea indica, Ocotea foetens, Apollonias barbujana, Visnea mocanera, Pleiomeris canariensis (Myrsine canariensis), Ardisia bahamensis, Prunus lusitanica, Sambucus palmensis, Euphorbia mellifera, Ixanthus viscosus, Rubus bollei, Convolvulus canariensis, Geranium canariensis, Hedera canariensis, Smilax aspera, Smilax canariensis, Canarina canariensis, Semele androgyna, Sideritis macrostachys, Sideritis canariensis, Cryptotaenia elegans, Rubia peregrina, Carex canariensis, Asparagus fallax and many ferns. They are the habitat of the threatened endemic laurel pigeons Columba junoniae and Columba bollii, now limited to La Gomera, Tenerife and La Palma. The laurel forests of each island harbour a distinctive set of endemic plants and animals, as exemplified by the species of the composite genus Pericallis, the well-marked races of the chaffinch Fringilla coelebs or the carabid faunas. They are thus best listed separately. The total remnant surface of laurel forest for the four islands, La Gomera, Tenerife, La Palma and Hierro, does not exceed 5000 ha.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T233

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Birds Fringilla coelebs
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Fringilla coelebs Chaffinch Birds

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G2.33 Canary Island laurisilvas same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.33 Canary Island laurisilvas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.33 Canarian laurisilvas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G2.33 Canarian laurisilvas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G2.33 Canarian laurisilvas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G2.33 Canarian laurisilvas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G2.33 Canarian laurisilvas same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 45.63 Canarian laurisilvas same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 45.63 Canarian laurisilvas same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 45.63   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 45.63   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 45.63   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 45.63   same
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