EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3F - Dark taiga > T3F2 - Fern western Picea taiga > T3F21 - Small fern western spruce taiga

Small fern western spruce taiga

Description (English)

Forests of Picea abies or, in the east, Picea obovata, sometimes accompanied by Pinus sylvestris, of boreal Fennoscandia, boreal Russia west of the western Ural piedmont, extending into the boreonemoral region, in particular, in Fennoscandia, with an understorey dominated by Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Oxalis acetosella, ericaceous shrubs and mosses. They occupy stations with a richer nutrient supply and a higher humidity level than those of the bilberry forests of unit T3F1, with a lower humidity level than the tall fern forests of unit T3F22 and with a lower nutrient supply than the small herb forests of unit T3F3.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3F21

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Conifers Picea abies
Conifers Picea obovata
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Ferns Gymnocarpium dryopteris
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Picea abies Conifers
Picea obovata Conifers
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Gymnocarpium dryopteris Ferns
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.A21 Small fern western spruce taiga same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.A21 Small fern western spruce taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.A21 Small fern western spruce taiga same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100