EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3F - Dark taiga > T3F3 - Small-herb western Picea taiga

Small-herb western Picea taiga

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3F3

Description (English)

Forests of Picea abies or, in the east, Picea obovata, sometimes accompanied by Pinus sylvestris and/or Populus tremula, of southern boreal and boreonemoral regions of Fennoscandia, Russia west of the western Ural piedmont, Belarus, the Baltic States, extending locally in the middle and northern boreal zones, with an understorey dominated by dwarf-shrubs and a low-growing herb layer, characteristic of calcareous substrates and warm stations, developed on acid brown forest soils with mull, or on weakly podsolised soils, with a preference for low-lying areas with fine sediments and a good water supply, sometimes with a tendency to waterlogging. They occupy stations with a richer nutrient supply than those of the bilberry forests of unit T3F1 and of the fern forests of unit T3F2, and with a lower humidity level than the fern forests and the tall herb forests of unit T3F4. Accompanying tree and shrub species include a predominance of Sorbus aucuparia, Vaccinium myrtillus, with Alnus spp., Betula spp., Juniperus communis, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, a field layer dominated by Oxalis acetosella, Melampyrum sylvaticum, Maianthemum bifolium, Trientalis europaea, Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Thelypteris phegopteris accompanied by Linnaea borealis, Geranium sylvaticum, Melampyrum pratense, Solidago virgaurea, Rubus saxatilis, Viola riviniana, Hieracium silvaticum grp., Pyrola spp., Paris quadrifolia, Melica nutans, Deschampsia flexuosa, Luzula pilosa, Lycopodium annotinum, Equisetum sylvaticum, and mosses. In the boreonemoral zone, deciduous trees, in particular, Quercus robur, Tilia cordata, Acer platanoides, Ulmus laevis, may form a second tree layer.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Conifers Picea abies
Conifers Picea obovata
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Acer platanoides
Flowering Plants Populus tremula
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Tilia cordata
Flowering Plants Ulmus laevis
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Picea abies Conifers
Picea obovata Conifers
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Acer platanoides Flowering Plants
Populus tremula Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Tilia cordata Flowering Plants
Ulmus laevis Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.A3 Small-herb western Picea taiga same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.A3 Small-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.A3 Small-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.A3 Small-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.A3 Small-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.A3 Small-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.A3 Small-herb western spruce taiga same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.C3 Small-herb western spruce taiga same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.C3 Small-herb western spruce taiga same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.C3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.C3   same
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