Shrub tundra

Description (English)

Tundra with a usually extensive cover of sub-shrubs or dwarf shrubs over herbs, bryophytes and lichens. It occurs in the southern Arctic and subarctic zones, often on permafrost soils. In grazed areas, it occurs in mosaics with grassland.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S11

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum fuscescens
Fungi Nephroma arcticum
Fungi Cladonia mitis
Flowering Plants Cornus suecica
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum
Fungi Cladonia gracilis
Flowering Plants Betula nana
Flowering Plants Arctostaphylos alpinus
Fungi Cladonia coccifera
Fungi Ochrolechia frigida
Fungi Cetraria ericetorum
Fungi Cladonia rangiferina
Flowering Plants Pedicularis lapponica
Fungi Cladonia bellidiflora
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Fungi Stereocaulon paschale

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Dicranum fuscescens Mosses & Liverworts
Nephroma arcticum Fungi
Cladonia mitis Fungi
Cornus suecica Flowering Plants
Empetrum nigrum Flowering Plants
Cladonia gracilis Fungi
Betula nana Flowering Plants
Arctostaphylos alpinus Flowering Plants
Cladonia coccifera Fungi
Ochrolechia frigida Fungi
Cetraria ericetorum Fungi
Cladonia rangiferina Fungi
Pedicularis lapponica Flowering Plants
Cladonia bellidiflora Fungi
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Stereocaulon paschale Fungi
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Betula nana
Fungi Cladonia gracilis
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum fuscescens
Fungi Cladonia rangiferina
Fungi Cladonia uncialis
Fungi Cladonia mitis
Fungi Cladonia coccifera
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Fungi Ochrolechia frigida
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Rubus chamaemorus
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Fungi Cladonia bellidiflora
Fungi Cetraria islandica
Fungi Nephroma arcticum

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Empetrum nigrum Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Betula nana Flowering Plants
Cladonia gracilis Fungi
Dicranum fuscescens Mosses & Liverworts
Cladonia rangiferina Fungi
Cladonia uncialis Fungi
Cladonia mitis Fungi
Cladonia coccifera Fungi
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Ochrolechia frigida Fungi
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Rubus chamaemorus Flowering Plants
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Cladonia bellidiflora Fungi
Cetraria islandica Fungi
Nephroma arcticum Fungi
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum fuscescens
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Flowering Plants Cassiope tetragona

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Empetrum nigrum Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Dicranum fuscescens Mosses & Liverworts
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Cassiope tetragona Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F1.1 Shrub tundra same
European Red List of Habitats F1.1 Shrub tundra same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F1.1 Shrub tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F1.1 Shrub tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F1.1 Shrub tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F1.1 Shrub tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F3.3 Dwarf-shrub tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F3.3 Dwarf-shrub tundra same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 39.1 Shrub tundra same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 39.1 Dwarf shrub tundra same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 39.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 39.1   same
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