EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > S - Heathland, scrub and tundra > S1 - Tundra > S12 - Moss and lichen tundra

Moss and lichen tundra

Description (English)

Tundra of the middle and northern High Arctic zones where permafrost soils, often occurring in the patterned ground, support a frequently sparse cover of bryophytes, lichens and low herbs.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S12

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Fungi Cetraria ericetorum
Fungi Stereocaulon paschale
Fungi Cladonia crispata
Fungi Cladonia mitis
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum fuscescens
Fungi Cladonia uncialis
Fungi Cladonia bellidiflora
Mosses & Liverworts Racomitrium lanuginosum
Flowering Plants Betula nana
Fungi Cladonia gracilis
Fungi Cladonia macrophylla
Fungi Cladonia rangiferina
Fungi Cladonia macroceras
Fungi Ochrolechia frigida
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cetraria ericetorum Fungi
Stereocaulon paschale Fungi
Cladonia crispata Fungi
Cladonia mitis Fungi
Dicranum fuscescens Mosses & Liverworts
Cladonia uncialis Fungi
Cladonia bellidiflora Fungi
Racomitrium lanuginosum Mosses & Liverworts
Betula nana Flowering Plants
Cladonia gracilis Fungi
Cladonia macrophylla Fungi
Cladonia rangiferina Fungi
Cladonia macroceras Fungi
Ochrolechia frigida Fungi
Empetrum nigrum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum
Fungi Cladonia uncialis
Fungi Cladonia mitis
Fungi Cetraria ericetorum
Fungi Cladonia rangiferina
Fungi Cladonia crispata
Flowering Plants Betula nana
Fungi Stereocaulon paschale
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum fuscescens
Fungi Cladonia gracilis
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Mosses & Liverworts Racomitrium lanuginosum
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Fungi Cladonia bellidiflora
Fungi Cladonia coccifera
Fungi Ochrolechia frigida
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichum commune

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Empetrum nigrum Flowering Plants
Cladonia uncialis Fungi
Cladonia mitis Fungi
Cetraria ericetorum Fungi
Cladonia rangiferina Fungi
Cladonia crispata Fungi
Betula nana Flowering Plants
Stereocaulon paschale Fungi
Dicranum fuscescens Mosses & Liverworts
Cladonia gracilis Fungi
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Racomitrium lanuginosum Mosses & Liverworts
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Cladonia bellidiflora Fungi
Cladonia coccifera Fungi
Ochrolechia frigida Fungi
Polytrichum commune Mosses & Liverworts
Mosses & Liverworts Racomitrium lanuginosum
Fungi Stereocaulon paschale
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Racomitrium lanuginosum Mosses & Liverworts
Stereocaulon paschale Fungi
Empetrum nigrum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F1.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
European Red List of Habitats F1.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F1.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F1.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F1.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F1.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E5.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E5.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 39.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 39.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 39.2   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 39.2   same
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