EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > S - Heathland, scrub and tundra > S2 - Arctic, alpine and subalpine scrub > S25 - Subalpine and subarctic deciduous scrub

Subalpine and subarctic deciduous scrub

Description (English)

Low scrub, including krummholz, dominated by various deciduous trees and shrubs, on moist but free-draining, sometimes quite fertile, soils on high-mountain slopes throughout Europe, often with long snow-lie and prone to natural disturbance due to avalanche and scree slides, after which it is well able to recover and recolonise. The associated flora can be rich in tall mountain herbs. It can also be found as a secondary succession stage in abandoned subalpine pastures and meadows.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S25

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Alnus viridis
Flowering Plants Peucedanum ostruthium
Flowering Plants Adenostyles alliariae
Flowering Plants Achillea macrophylla
Flowering Plants Saxifraga rotundifolia
Flowering Plants Viola biflora
Flowering Plants Rumex arifolius
Ferns Athyrium distentifolium
Flowering Plants Lactuca alpina
Flowering Plants Aconitum napellus
Flowering Plants Salix silesiaca
Flowering Plants Salix helvetica
Flowering Plants Stellaria nemorum
Flowering Plants Veratrum album
Flowering Plants Geranium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Salix lapponum
Flowering Plants Salix bicolor
Flowering Plants Salix appendiculata
Flowering Plants Chaerophyllum hirsutum
Flowering Plants Epilobium alpestre

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Alnus viridis Flowering Plants
Peucedanum ostruthium Flowering Plants
Adenostyles alliariae Flowering Plants
Achillea macrophylla Flowering Plants
Saxifraga rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Viola biflora Flowering Plants
Rumex arifolius Flowering Plants
Athyrium distentifolium Ferns
Lactuca alpina Flowering Plants
Aconitum napellus Flowering Plants
Salix silesiaca Flowering Plants
Salix helvetica Flowering Plants
Stellaria nemorum Flowering Plants
Veratrum album Flowering Plants
Geranium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Salix lapponum Flowering Plants
Salix bicolor Flowering Plants
Salix appendiculata Flowering Plants
Chaerophyllum hirsutum Flowering Plants
Epilobium alpestre Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Alnus viridis
Flowering Plants Viola biflora
Flowering Plants Geranium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Adenostyles alliariae
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Rubus idaeus
Flowering Plants Deschampsia cespitosa
Flowering Plants Saxifraga rotundifolia
Flowering Plants Stellaria nemorum
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Flowering Plants Rumex arifolius
Flowering Plants Solidago virgaurea
Flowering Plants Peucedanum ostruthium
Flowering Plants Veratrum album
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Chaerophyllum hirsutum
Flowering Plants Senecio nemorensis
Flowering Plants Homogyne alpina
Ferns Dryopteris dilatata
Ferns Athyrium distentifolium

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Alnus viridis Flowering Plants
Viola biflora Flowering Plants
Geranium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Adenostyles alliariae Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Rubus idaeus Flowering Plants
Deschampsia cespitosa Flowering Plants
Saxifraga rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Stellaria nemorum Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Rumex arifolius Flowering Plants
Solidago virgaurea Flowering Plants
Peucedanum ostruthium Flowering Plants
Veratrum album Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Chaerophyllum hirsutum Flowering Plants
Senecio nemorensis Flowering Plants
Homogyne alpina Flowering Plants
Dryopteris dilatata Ferns
Athyrium distentifolium Ferns
Flowering Plants Alnus viridis
Flowering Plants Adenostyles alliariae
Flowering Plants Salix lapponum
Flowering Plants Salix waldsteiniana

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Alnus viridis Flowering Plants
Adenostyles alliariae Flowering Plants
Salix lapponum Flowering Plants
Salix waldsteiniana Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F2.3 Subalpine deciduous scrub same
European Red List of Habitats F2.3 Subalpine deciduous scrub wider
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F2.3 Subalpine deciduous scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F2.3 Subalpine deciduous scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F2.3 Subalpine and oroboreal bush communities same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F2.3 Subalpine deciduous scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F1.1 Montane and subalpine scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F1.1 Montane and subarctic scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 31.6 Subalpine bush communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 31.6 Subalpine bush communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 31.6   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 31.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 31.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 31.6   same
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