Spartium junceum scrub

Description (English)

Secondary scrub dominated by Spanish broom (Spartium junceum), typical of disturbed, open, sunny situations on a wide variety of soils through the Mediterranean, where its rapid establishment is favoured by post-fire seed germination, aggressive rooting, nitrogen-fixation and unpalatability.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S53

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Spartium junceum
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Clematis vitalba
Flowering Plants Clematis flammula
Flowering Plants Brachypodium rupestre

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Spartium junceum Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Clematis vitalba Flowering Plants
Clematis flammula Flowering Plants
Brachypodium rupestre Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Spartium junceum
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Clematis vitalba
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Flowering Plants Quercus pubescens
Flowering Plants Brachypodium rupestre
Flowering Plants Cornus sanguinea
Flowering Plants Rosa canina
Flowering Plants Bituminaria bituminosa
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Sanguisorba minor
Flowering Plants Prunus spinosa
Flowering Plants Fraxinus ornus
Flowering Plants Clematis flammula
Flowering Plants Daucus carota
Flowering Plants Bromopsis erecta
Flowering Plants Dorycnium pentaphyllum

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Spartium junceum Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Clematis vitalba Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Quercus pubescens Flowering Plants
Brachypodium rupestre Flowering Plants
Cornus sanguinea Flowering Plants
Rosa canina Flowering Plants
Bituminaria bituminosa Flowering Plants
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Sanguisorba minor Flowering Plants
Prunus spinosa Flowering Plants
Fraxinus ornus Flowering Plants
Clematis flammula Flowering Plants
Daucus carota Flowering Plants
Bromopsis erecta Flowering Plants
Dorycnium pentaphyllum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Spartium junceum
Flowering Plants Brachypodium rupestre
Flowering Plants Bromopsis erecta
Flowering Plants Brachypodium phoenicoides

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Spartium junceum Flowering Plants
Brachypodium rupestre Flowering Plants
Bromopsis erecta Flowering Plants
Brachypodium phoenicoides Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F5.4 Spartium junceum fields same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F5.4 Spartium junceum fields same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F5.4 Spartium junceum fields same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F5.4 Spartium junceum fields same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F5.4 Spartium junceum fields same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F2.42 Spartium junceum fields same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.A Spanish-broom Spartium junceum fields same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 32.A Spanish-broom fields same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 32.A Spanish-broom fields same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.A   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 32.A   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 32.A   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 32.A   same
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