Eastern garrigue

Description (English)

Low, mostly evergreen sclerophyllous scrub on diverse soils occurring through the eastern Mediterranean meso-, thermo- and occasionally supramediterranean belts, including the regions around the southern seaboards of the Black Sea. The habitat is derived from forest degradation and usually maintained by grazing and fire. Vegetation structure and composition vary greatly with local climate and human impacts.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S63

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Phlomis fruticosa
Flowering Plants Erica manipuliflora
Flowering Plants Thymbra capitata
Flowering Plants Calicotome villosa
Flowering Plants Drimia maritima
Flowering Plants Cistus creticus
Flowering Plants Teucrium microphyllum
Flowering Plants Genista acanthoclada
Flowering Plants Fumana arabica
Flowering Plants Cuscuta palaestina
Flowering Plants Phagnalon rupestre
Flowering Plants Filago aegaea
Flowering Plants Satureja thymbra
Flowering Plants Valantia hispida
Flowering Plants Leontodon tuberosus
Flowering Plants Micromeria juliana
Flowering Plants Allium rubrovittatum
Flowering Plants Crucianella latifolia
Flowering Plants Tordylium apulum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Phlomis fruticosa Flowering Plants
Erica manipuliflora Flowering Plants
Thymbra capitata Flowering Plants
Calicotome villosa Flowering Plants
Drimia maritima Flowering Plants
Cistus creticus Flowering Plants
Teucrium microphyllum Flowering Plants
Genista acanthoclada Flowering Plants
Fumana arabica Flowering Plants
Cuscuta palaestina Flowering Plants
Phagnalon rupestre Flowering Plants
Filago aegaea Flowering Plants
Satureja thymbra Flowering Plants
Valantia hispida Flowering Plants
Leontodon tuberosus Flowering Plants
Micromeria juliana Flowering Plants
Allium rubrovittatum Flowering Plants
Crucianella latifolia Flowering Plants
Tordylium apulum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Thymbra capitata
Flowering Plants Cistus creticus
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Phlomis fruticosa
Flowering Plants Calicotome villosa
Flowering Plants Drimia maritima
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Erica manipuliflora
Flowering Plants Teucrium polium
Flowering Plants Trifolium campestre
Flowering Plants Catapodium rigidum
Flowering Plants Anagallis arvensis
Flowering Plants Sarcopoterium spinosum
Flowering Plants Phagnalon rupestre
Flowering Plants Leontodon tuberosus
Flowering Plants Asphodelus ramosus
Flowering Plants Linum strictum
Flowering Plants Hypochaeris achyrophorus

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Thymbra capitata Flowering Plants
Cistus creticus Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Phlomis fruticosa Flowering Plants
Calicotome villosa Flowering Plants
Drimia maritima Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Erica manipuliflora Flowering Plants
Teucrium polium Flowering Plants
Trifolium campestre Flowering Plants
Catapodium rigidum Flowering Plants
Anagallis arvensis Flowering Plants
Sarcopoterium spinosum Flowering Plants
Phagnalon rupestre Flowering Plants
Leontodon tuberosus Flowering Plants
Asphodelus ramosus Flowering Plants
Linum strictum Flowering Plants
Hypochaeris achyrophorus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Phlomis fruticosa
Flowering Plants Erica manipuliflora
Flowering Plants Thymbra capitata
Flowering Plants Cytisus eriocarpus
Flowering Plants Cistus creticus

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Phlomis fruticosa Flowering Plants
Erica manipuliflora Flowering Plants
Thymbra capitata Flowering Plants
Cytisus eriocarpus Flowering Plants
Cistus creticus Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F6.4 Black Sea garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F6.2 Eastern garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F6.3 Illyrian garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F6.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F6.4 Black Sea garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F6.2 Eastern garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F6.3 Illyrian garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F6.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F6.4 Black Sea garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F6.2 Eastern garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F6.3 Illyrian garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F6.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F6.4 Black Sea garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F6.2 Eastern garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F6.3 Illyrian garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F6.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F5.1 Acid garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F5.3 Cistus garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.C Black Sea garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.5 Eastern garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.B South-eastern Central European garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 32.5 Eastern garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 32.C Euxinian garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 32.B Illyrian garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 32.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 32.5 Eastern garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 32.C Euxinian garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 32.B Illyrian garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 32.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.6   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.B   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.C   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 32.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 32.6   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 32.B   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 32.C   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 32.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 32.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 32.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 32.6   same
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