Wet inland cliff

Description (English)

Permanently wet cliffs in temperate and Mediterranean regions, in often highly localized situations, where rock and earth surfaces are kept wet by water trickles, spray splashing and a sunless orientation. The characteristic flora is dominated by shade and moisture-tolerant vascular plants, luxuriant ferns and bryophytes, and green and blue-green algae.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code U3D

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Ferns Adiantum capillus-veneris
Flowering Plants Pinguicula grandiflora
Flowering Plants Cymbalaria muralis
Flowering Plants Samolus valerandi
Flowering Plants Hypericum hircinum
Mosses & Liverworts Eucladium verticillatum
Mosses & Liverworts Hymenostylium recurvirostrum
Flowering Plants Trachelium caeruleum
Flowering Plants Doronicum corsicum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Adiantum capillus-veneris Ferns
Pinguicula grandiflora Flowering Plants
Cymbalaria muralis Flowering Plants
Samolus valerandi Flowering Plants
Hypericum hircinum Flowering Plants
Eucladium verticillatum Mosses & Liverworts
Hymenostylium recurvirostrum Mosses & Liverworts
Trachelium caeruleum Flowering Plants
Doronicum corsicum Flowering Plants
Ferns Adiantum capillus-veneris
Flowering Plants Pinguicula grandiflora
Flowering Plants Samolus valerandi
Flowering Plants Molinia caerulea
Flowering Plants Parietaria judaica
Flowering Plants Hypericum hircinum
Flowering Plants Cymbalaria muralis

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Adiantum capillus-veneris Ferns
Pinguicula grandiflora Flowering Plants
Samolus valerandi Flowering Plants
Molinia caerulea Flowering Plants
Parietaria judaica Flowering Plants
Hypericum hircinum Flowering Plants
Cymbalaria muralis Flowering Plants

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) H3.4 Wet inland cliffs wider
European Red List of Habitats H3.4 Wet inland cliff same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 H3.4 Wet inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 H3.4 Wet inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 H3.4 Wet inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 H3.4 Wet inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 H3.4 Wet inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 H3.4 Wet inland cliffs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 62.5 Wet inland cliffs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 62.5 Wet inland cliffs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 62.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 62.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 62.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 62.5   same
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