EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > V - Vegetated man-made habitats > V3 - Artificial grasslands and herb dominated habitats > V32 - Mediterranean subnitrophilous annual grasslands

Mediterranean subnitrophilous annual grasslands

Description (English)

Land dominated by annual grasses and herbs, on soils slightly enriched in nitrates, in the meso- and thermo-Mediterranean zones. Characteristic are annual species of Aegilops, Avena, Bromus, Vulpia, crucifers and leguminous plants. These annuals occur as pioneers of bare soils slightly nitrified by aeration or organic addition, along roads, on land-fills and in interstitial spaces of cultivation. They also replace the oligotrophic annual vegetation of Mediterranean xeric grasslands (R1D, R1F) under the influence of pastoral activities. Subnitrophilous annual grassland is widespread as a successional stage after cultivation. Woody re-colonisation may lead to maquis (S5) or garrigue (S6).

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code V32

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Anacyclus clavatus
Flowering Plants Lolium rigidum
Flowering Plants Biscutella auriculata
Flowering Plants Hypecoum imberbe
Flowering Plants Hordeum murinum
Flowering Plants Fumaria parviflora
Flowering Plants Calendula arvensis
Flowering Plants Roemeria hybrida
Flowering Plants Galium tricornutum
Flowering Plants Papaver rhoeas
Flowering Plants Papaver hybridum
Flowering Plants Diplotaxis virgata
Flowering Plants Vicia monantha
Flowering Plants Vicia peregrina
Flowering Plants Rapistrum rugosum
Flowering Plants Anchusa azurea
Flowering Plants Avena sterilis
Flowering Plants Anisantha diandra
Flowering Plants Sisymbrium crassifolium

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Anacyclus clavatus Flowering Plants
Lolium rigidum Flowering Plants
Biscutella auriculata Flowering Plants
Hypecoum imberbe Flowering Plants
Hordeum murinum Flowering Plants
Fumaria parviflora Flowering Plants
Calendula arvensis Flowering Plants
Roemeria hybrida Flowering Plants
Galium tricornutum Flowering Plants
Papaver rhoeas Flowering Plants
Papaver hybridum Flowering Plants
Diplotaxis virgata Flowering Plants
Vicia monantha Flowering Plants
Vicia peregrina Flowering Plants
Rapistrum rugosum Flowering Plants
Anchusa azurea Flowering Plants
Avena sterilis Flowering Plants
Anisantha diandra Flowering Plants
Sisymbrium crassifolium Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Hordeum murinum
Flowering Plants Convolvulus arvensis
Flowering Plants Lolium rigidum
Flowering Plants Papaver rhoeas
Flowering Plants Avena barbata
Flowering Plants Vicia sativa
Flowering Plants Sonchus oleraceus
Flowering Plants Anisantha madritensis
Flowering Plants Bromus hordeaceus
Flowering Plants Anagallis arvensis
Flowering Plants Anacyclus clavatus
Flowering Plants Eryngium campestre
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Calendula arvensis
Flowering Plants Sherardia arvensis
Flowering Plants Plantago lanceolata
Flowering Plants Medicago polymorpha
Flowering Plants Avena sterilis
Flowering Plants Trifolium campestre
Flowering Plants Erodium cicutarium

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Hordeum murinum Flowering Plants
Convolvulus arvensis Flowering Plants
Lolium rigidum Flowering Plants
Papaver rhoeas Flowering Plants
Avena barbata Flowering Plants
Vicia sativa Flowering Plants
Sonchus oleraceus Flowering Plants
Anisantha madritensis Flowering Plants
Bromus hordeaceus Flowering Plants
Anagallis arvensis Flowering Plants
Anacyclus clavatus Flowering Plants
Eryngium campestre Flowering Plants
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Calendula arvensis Flowering Plants
Sherardia arvensis Flowering Plants
Plantago lanceolata Flowering Plants
Medicago polymorpha Flowering Plants
Avena sterilis Flowering Plants
Trifolium campestre Flowering Plants
Erodium cicutarium Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Hordeum murinum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Hordeum murinum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E1.6 Subnitrophilous annual grassland same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.6 Subnitrophilous annual grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.6 Subnitrophilous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.6 Subnitrophilous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.6 Subnitrophilous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.6 Mediterranean subnitrophilous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.14 Mediterranean subnitrophilous grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.8 Mediterranean subnitrophilous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.8 Mediterranean subnitrophilous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.8   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.8   same
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