EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > V - Vegetated man-made habitats > V3 - Artificial grasslands and herb dominated habitats > V33 - Dry mediterranean lands with unpalatable non-vernal herbaceous vegetation

Dry mediterranean lands with unpalatable non-vernal herbaceous vegetation

Description (English)

Drylands with shrub cover greater than 10%, and with a large component of non-vernal unpalatable plants, including geophytes of the genera Asphodelus and Drimia, thistles such as Carlina, Carthamus, Centaurea, and Onopordum, and other plants such as Ferula and Phlomis, especially characteristic of the drier parts of the Mediterranean Basin but occurring elsewhere with suitable conditions such as the dry continental valleys of Switzerland. These habitats usually result from over-grazing of garrigue, which eliminates the shrubs.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code V33

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Silybum marianum
Flowering Plants Cynara cardunculus
Flowering Plants Coleostephus myconis
Flowering Plants Marrubium vulgare
Flowering Plants Malva sylvestris
Flowering Plants Foeniculum vulgare
Flowering Plants Hordeum murinum
Flowering Plants Carduus tenuiflorus
Flowering Plants Carduus pycnocephalus
Flowering Plants Onopordum illyricum
Flowering Plants Centaurea calcitrapa
Flowering Plants Echium plantagineum
Flowering Plants Rumex pulcher
Flowering Plants Scolymus grandiflorus
Flowering Plants Carthamus lanatus
Flowering Plants Stachys ocymastrum
Flowering Plants Avena sterilis

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Silybum marianum Flowering Plants
Cynara cardunculus Flowering Plants
Coleostephus myconis Flowering Plants
Marrubium vulgare Flowering Plants
Malva sylvestris Flowering Plants
Foeniculum vulgare Flowering Plants
Hordeum murinum Flowering Plants
Carduus tenuiflorus Flowering Plants
Carduus pycnocephalus Flowering Plants
Onopordum illyricum Flowering Plants
Centaurea calcitrapa Flowering Plants
Echium plantagineum Flowering Plants
Rumex pulcher Flowering Plants
Scolymus grandiflorus Flowering Plants
Carthamus lanatus Flowering Plants
Stachys ocymastrum Flowering Plants
Avena sterilis Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Silybum marianum
Flowering Plants Hordeum murinum
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Daucus carota
Flowering Plants Avena barbata
Flowering Plants Foeniculum vulgare
Flowering Plants Convolvulus arvensis
Flowering Plants Plantago lanceolata
Flowering Plants Eryngium campestre
Flowering Plants Malva sylvestris
Flowering Plants Carduus pycnocephalus
Flowering Plants Sonchus oleraceus
Flowering Plants Anisantha sterilis
Flowering Plants Rumex pulcher
Flowering Plants Dasypyrum villosum
Flowering Plants Carlina corymbosa
Flowering Plants Avena sterilis
Flowering Plants Anagallis arvensis
Flowering Plants Geranium molle

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Silybum marianum Flowering Plants
Hordeum murinum Flowering Plants
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Daucus carota Flowering Plants
Avena barbata Flowering Plants
Foeniculum vulgare Flowering Plants
Convolvulus arvensis Flowering Plants
Plantago lanceolata Flowering Plants
Eryngium campestre Flowering Plants
Malva sylvestris Flowering Plants
Carduus pycnocephalus Flowering Plants
Sonchus oleraceus Flowering Plants
Anisantha sterilis Flowering Plants
Rumex pulcher Flowering Plants
Dasypyrum villosum Flowering Plants
Carlina corymbosa Flowering Plants
Avena sterilis Flowering Plants
Anagallis arvensis Flowering Plants
Geranium molle Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Silybum marianum
Flowering Plants Foeniculum vulgare
Flowering Plants Asphodelus ramosus
Flowering Plants Cynara cardunculus
Flowering Plants Asphodelus albus

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Silybum marianum Flowering Plants
Foeniculum vulgare Flowering Plants
Asphodelus ramosus Flowering Plants
Cynara cardunculus Flowering Plants
Asphodelus albus Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E1.C Dry mediterranean lands with unpalatable non-vernal herbaceous vegetation same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.C Dry mediterranean lands with unpalatable non-vernal herbaceous vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E5.1 Over-grazed arid Mediterranean garrigues (ermes) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E5.1 Over-grazed arid Mediterranean garrigues (ermes) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E5.1 Over-grazed arid Mediterranean garrigues (ermes) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.C Over-grazed arid Mediterranean garrigues (ermes) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.9 Over-grazed arid Mediterranean garrigues (ermes) same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 32.9 Ermes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 32.9 Ermes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.9   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 32.9   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 32.9   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 32.9   same
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