Marmara circalittoral worm reefs

Description (English)

Biogenic reefs in the circalittoral zone in the Sea of Marmara formed by several species of worm which build carbonate tubes. The most common are theHydroidesspp. and to a lesser extent Salmacina incrustans and Salmacina dysteri. Other species include Porifera like Ciocalypta penicillus, Echinoderms like Antedon mediterranea, Ophiothrix fragilis and Asterias rubens and Cnidarians like Parazoanthus axinellae, Paramuricea clavata, Paramuricea macrospina, Eunicella cavaloni, Paralcyonium spinulosum and Caryophyllia smithii. Molluscs and Decapods also occur.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code MC244

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Invertebrates Antedon mediterranea
Invertebrates Asterias rubens
Invertebrates Caryophyllia smithii
Invertebrates Ciocalypta penicillus
Invertebrates Ophiothrix fragilis
Invertebrates Paralcyonium spinulosum
Invertebrates Paramuricea clavata
Invertebrates Paramuricea macrospina
Invertebrates Parazoanthus axinellae
Invertebrates Salmacina dysteri
Invertebrates Salmacina incrustans
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Antedon mediterranea Invertebrates
Asterias rubens Invertebrates
Caryophyllia smithii Invertebrates
Ciocalypta penicillus Invertebrates
Ophiothrix fragilis Invertebrates
Paralcyonium spinulosum Invertebrates
Paramuricea clavata Invertebrates
Paramuricea macrospina Invertebrates
Parazoanthus axinellae Invertebrates
Salmacina dysteri Invertebrates
Salmacina incrustans Invertebrates

Other classifications

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A4.2 Atlantic and Mediterranean moderate energy circalittoral rock same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A3.6 Moderate energy circalittoral rock same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A3.91 Animal communities of deep circalittoral rock habitats exposed to moderately strong currents narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A3.6 Circalittoral rock moderately exposed to wave action or currents and tidal streams same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A3.6 Circalittoral rock moderately exposed to wave action or currents and tidal streams same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A3.6 Circalittoral rock moderately exposed to wave action or tidal currents same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 A5.2 Circalittoral rock moderately exposed to wave or tide action same
MNCR BioMar 97.06 (Britain & Ireland) MCR Moderately exposed circalittoral rock same
MNCR BioMar 96.7 (Britain & Ireland) MCR   same
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