Great medio-European fluvial forests

Description (English)

Fully developed, very tall, multi-layered, highly diverse riparian forests of oaks, ashes, elms, limes, maples, alders, poplars, cherries, apple, willows of the middle and lower courses of large medio-European river systems, in particular, the Rhine, the Danube, the Emst, the Elbe, the Saale, the Weser, the Oder, the Loire, the Rhone-Saone systems. Their highly complex structure is formed of eight strata to which participate up to 50 species of trees and shrubs. The upper arborescent stratum includes Quercus robur, Fraxinus excelsior, Ulmus minor, Ulmus laevis, Ulmus glabra, Populus alba, Populus tremula, Populus canescens, Populus nigra, Acer pseudoplatanus, Acer platanoides, Salix alba, Alnus glutinosa, Prunus avium, the lower arborescent stratum Malus sylvestris, Tilia cordata, the sub-arborescent shrub layer Alnus incana, Prunus padus and Crataegus monogyna. There are very varied high and low shrub layers and numerous lianas, Clematis vitalba, Tamus communis, Humulus lupulus, Hedera helix and Vitis vinifera ssp. sylvestris. Most diverse, structurally, floristically and faunistically, of all European ecosystems, and closest in that respect to tropical communities and to the warm temperate forests of the Pleistocene, the great fluvial forests of Europe are reduced to a few highly vulnerable examples, located mainly within the Rhine, Danube and Elbe systems.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-311

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Acer platanoides
Flowering Plants Acer pseudoplatanus
Flowering Plants Alnus glutinosa
Flowering Plants Alnus incana
Flowering Plants Clematis vitalba
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Humulus lupulus
Flowering Plants Malus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Populus alba
Flowering Plants Populus canescens
Flowering Plants Populus nigra
Flowering Plants Populus tremula
Flowering Plants Prunus avium
Flowering Plants Prunus padus
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Salix alba
Flowering Plants Tamus communis
Flowering Plants Tilia cordata
Flowering Plants Ulmus glabra
Flowering Plants Ulmus laevis
Flowering Plants Ulmus minor
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Acer platanoides Flowering Plants
Acer pseudoplatanus Flowering Plants
Alnus glutinosa Flowering Plants
Alnus incana Flowering Plants
Clematis vitalba Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Humulus lupulus Flowering Plants
Malus sylvestris Flowering Plants
Populus alba Flowering Plants
Populus canescens Flowering Plants
Populus nigra Flowering Plants
Populus tremula Flowering Plants
Prunus avium Flowering Plants
Prunus padus Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Salix alba Flowering Plants
Tamus communis Flowering Plants
Tilia cordata Flowering Plants
Ulmus glabra Flowering Plants
Ulmus laevis Flowering Plants
Ulmus minor Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.221 Great medio-European fluvial forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.221 Great medio-European fluvial forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.221 Great medio-European fluvial forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.221 Great medio-European fluvial forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.221 Great medio-European fluvial forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.221 Great medio-European fluvial forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G1.421 Great medio-European fluvial forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 44.41 Great medio-European fluvial forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 44.41 Great medio-European fluvial forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 44.41   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 44.41   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 44.41   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 44.41   same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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