Medio-European wood barley beech forests

Description (English)

Slightly moist Fagus sylvatica forests developed over calcareous bedrock on stony, neutral or weakly acid rendzina or similar humus-carbonate soils, with Galium odoratum, Melica uniflora, Mercurialis perennis, Lathyrus vernus, Asarum europaeum, Hordelymus europaeus, Epipactis helleborine, Epipactis leptochila, Neottia nidus-avis, Circaea lutetiana, Viola reichenbachiana, distributed locally on the hills, low mountains and plateaux of the Hercynian arc and its peripheral regions, from the Ardenne-Eifel to Moravia, and north to Denmark and southern Sweden, in the entire Jura catena, in Lorraine and the eastern Paris basin, in Burgundy, in the Bavarian Alpine piedmont, the Vorarlberg limestone Alps, the Wienerwald. They include the Central European Fagus-Mercurialis perennis forests, as well as occasional stands exceptionally rich in spring-flowering geophytes, sometimes known as wild garlic-rich beech woods.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-7111

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Asarum europaeum
Flowering Plants Circaea lutetiana
Flowering Plants Epipactis helleborine
Flowering Plants Epipactis leptochila
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Galium odoratum
Flowering Plants Hordelymus europaeus
Flowering Plants Lathyrus vernus
Flowering Plants Melica uniflora
Flowering Plants Mercurialis perennis
Flowering Plants Neottia nidus-avis
Flowering Plants Viola reichenbachiana
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Asarum europaeum Flowering Plants
Circaea lutetiana Flowering Plants
Epipactis helleborine Flowering Plants
Epipactis leptochila Flowering Plants
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Galium odoratum Flowering Plants
Hordelymus europaeus Flowering Plants
Lathyrus vernus Flowering Plants
Melica uniflora Flowering Plants
Mercurialis perennis Flowering Plants
Neottia nidus-avis Flowering Plants
Viola reichenbachiana Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.6311 Medio-European wood barley beech forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.6311 Medio-European wood barley beech forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.6311 Medio-European wood barley beech forests same
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