Pannonic loess steppe oak forests

Description (English)

Oak woods on black or brown soils over loess substrates of the Pannonic basin and its hills, dominated by Quercus cerris, Quercus pubescens, Quercus robur or Quercus petraea; the upper part of the well-stratified shrub layer is composed mainly of Acer tataricum and Acer campestre, the herb layer of Festuca rupicola, Brachypodium pinnatum, Brachypodium sylvaticum, Melica altissima, Nepeta pannonica, Phlomis tuberosa, Pulmonaria mollissima, Doronicum hungaricum, Polygonatum odoratum, Buglossoides purpurocaerulea (Lithospermum purpurocaeruleum). Formerly extending in the entire Pannonic basin, from Hungary and southern Slovakia to the Srijem area of northeastern Croatia and northwestern Serbia and the Deliblat region of northeastern Serbia, these forests have been reduced to a few dozen remnant stands.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-991221

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Acer campestre
Flowering Plants Acer tataricum
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Brachypodium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Buglossoides purpurocaerulea
Flowering Plants Doronicum hungaricum
Flowering Plants Festuca rupicola
Flowering Plants Lithospermum purpurocaeruleum
Flowering Plants Melica altissima
Flowering Plants Nepeta pannonica
Flowering Plants Phlomis tuberosa
Flowering Plants Polygonatum odoratum
Flowering Plants Pulmonaria mollissima
Flowering Plants Quercus cerris
Flowering Plants Quercus petraea
Flowering Plants Quercus pubescens
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Acer campestre Flowering Plants
Acer tataricum Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Brachypodium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Buglossoides purpurocaerulea Flowering Plants
Doronicum hungaricum Flowering Plants
Festuca rupicola Flowering Plants
Lithospermum purpurocaeruleum Flowering Plants
Melica altissima Flowering Plants
Nepeta pannonica Flowering Plants
Phlomis tuberosa Flowering Plants
Polygonatum odoratum Flowering Plants
Pulmonaria mollissima Flowering Plants
Quercus cerris Flowering Plants
Quercus petraea Flowering Plants
Quercus pubescens Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.7A1211 Pannonic loess steppe oak woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.7A1211 Pannonic loess steppe oak woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.7A1211 Pannonic loess steppe oak woods same
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