Atlantic Quercus robur - Betula forests

Description (English)

Acidophilous forests of the Baltic-North Sea plain, composed of Quercus robur, Betula pendula and Betula pubescens, often mixed with Sorbus aucuparia and Populus tremula, on very oligotrophic, often sandy and podsolised or hydromorphic soils; the shrub layer, poorly developed, includes Frangula alnus; the herb layer, formed by the group of Deschampsia flexuosa, always includes Molinia caerulea and is often invaded by bracken. Forests of this type often prevail in the northern European plain, from Jutland to Flanders; they occupy more limited edaphic enclaves in the Ardennes and the middle and upper Rhenish ranges, in northwestern France, Normandy, Brittany, the Paris basin, the Morvan and Great Britain. East of the Elbe, in the Baltic lowlands, they are represented, east to Mecklenburg, by stands transitional, to a greater or lesser extent, to those of unit G4.71.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-B1

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Betula pendula
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Frangula alnus
Flowering Plants Molinia caerulea
Flowering Plants Populus tremula
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula pendula Flowering Plants
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Frangula alnus Flowering Plants
Molinia caerulea Flowering Plants
Populus tremula Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.81 Atlantic Quercus robur - Betula woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.81 Atlantic Quercus robur - Betula woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.81 Atlantic Quercus robur - Betula woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.81 Atlantic Quercus robur - Betula woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.81 Atlantic Quercus robur - Betula woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.81 Atlantic Quercus robur-Betula woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G1.8D Atlantic pedunculate oak-birch woods same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 41.51 Atlantic pedunculate oak-birch woods same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 41.51 Atlantic pedunculate oak-birch woods same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 41.51   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 41.51   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 41.51   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 41.51   same
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