Oro-Scandian cranesbill-stone bramble birch forests

Description (English)

Tall (10-11 m) woods of Betula pubescens ssp. czerepanovii, accompanied by Salix spp., Sorbus spp., of the subalpine belt of mountains of Fennoscandia, occupying relatively rich mull soils of sand moraines in climatically favourable regions, with a low herb-rich undergrowth dominated by Geranium sylvaticum and Rubus saxatilis. There is an often well developed understorey of taller shrubs, in particular, Juniperus communis and Salix spp. and a poorly developed moss and lichen layer. The species cortège comprises Campanula rotundifolia, Alchemilla vulgaris, Cornus suecica, Filipendula ulmaria, Fragraria vesca, Galium boreale, Galium verum, Geum rivale, Hieracium spp., Melampyrum sylvaticum, Prunella vulgaris, Poa nemoralis, Poa pratensis, Hierochloe odorata, Agrostis capillaris, Anthoxanthum odoratum, Deschampsia flexuosa, Festuca rubra s.l., Melica nutans, Trientalis europaea, Vaccinium uliginosum, Vaccinium myrtillus, Elymus caninus (Roegneria canina), Carex bigelowii, Carex vaginata, Coeloglossum viride, Dactylorhiza maculata, Luzula multiflora, Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Athyrium filix-femina, Equisetum arvense, Equisetum palustre, Hylocomium splendens.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-C1425

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Conifers Juniperus communis
Ferns Athyrium filix-femina
Ferns Equisetum arvense
Ferns Equisetum palustre
Ferns Gymnocarpium dryopteris
Flowering Plants Agrostis capillaris
Flowering Plants Alchemilla vulgaris
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Campanula rotundifolia
Flowering Plants Carex bigelowii
Flowering Plants Carex vaginata
Flowering Plants Coeloglossum viride
Flowering Plants Cornus suecica
Flowering Plants Dactylorhiza maculata
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Elymus caninus
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Filipendula ulmaria
Flowering Plants Galium boreale
Flowering Plants Galium verum
Flowering Plants Geranium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Geum rivale
Flowering Plants Hierochloe odorata
Flowering Plants Luzula multiflora
Flowering Plants Melampyrum sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Melica nutans
Flowering Plants Poa nemoralis
Flowering Plants Poa pratensis
Flowering Plants Prunella vulgaris
Flowering Plants Roegneria canina
Flowering Plants Rubus saxatilis
Flowering Plants Trientalis europaea
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis Conifers
Athyrium filix-femina Ferns
Equisetum arvense Ferns
Equisetum palustre Ferns
Gymnocarpium dryopteris Ferns
Agrostis capillaris Flowering Plants
Alchemilla vulgaris Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Campanula rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Carex bigelowii Flowering Plants
Carex vaginata Flowering Plants
Coeloglossum viride Flowering Plants
Cornus suecica Flowering Plants
Dactylorhiza maculata Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Elymus caninus Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Filipendula ulmaria Flowering Plants
Galium boreale Flowering Plants
Galium verum Flowering Plants
Geranium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Geum rivale Flowering Plants
Hierochloe odorata Flowering Plants
Luzula multiflora Flowering Plants
Melampyrum sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Melica nutans Flowering Plants
Poa nemoralis Flowering Plants
Poa pratensis Flowering Plants
Prunella vulgaris Flowering Plants
Roegneria canina Flowering Plants
Rubus saxatilis Flowering Plants
Trientalis europaea Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.91725 Oro-Scandian cranesbill-stone bramble birch woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.91725 Oro-Scandian cranesbill-stone bramble birch woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.91725 Oro-Scandian cranesbill-stone bramble birch woods same
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