Illyrian Quercus - Carpinus betulus forests

Description (English)

Forests of Quercus robur or Quercus petraea, sometimes Quercus cerris, and Carpinus betulus occupying the basins of the Drava and Sava in Slovenia, Croatia, northern Bosnia-Herzegovina, with outliers in south Hungarian mid-Pannonic and peri-Pannonic hills, south of Lake Balaton, in southern Carinthia and Styria and in valleys and hills, particularly karst valleys, of the western Balkan peninsula south to Montenegro, Albania and the F.Y.R. of Macedonia, characterized by higher continentality than in the sub-Mediterranean and by higher temperatures than in middle Europe; they are intermediate between those of central Europe and those of the Balkans and merge northwards into the Pannonic oak woods. Constituting a centre of diversity, they have a much higher species richness than the Central European oak woods. Acer tataricum, Cyclamen purpurascens, Epimedium alpinum, Erythronium dens-canis, Helleborus dumetorum ssp. atrorubens, Knautia drymeia are characteristic. Outliers of these forests also occur in Frioul and the northern Apennines; they have been included in unit 41.28.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1-E1A

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Acer tataricum
Flowering Plants Carpinus betulus
Flowering Plants Cyclamen purpurascens
Flowering Plants Epimedium alpinum
Flowering Plants Erythronium dens-canis
Flowering Plants Knautia drymeia
Flowering Plants Quercus cerris
Flowering Plants Quercus petraea
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Acer tataricum Flowering Plants
Carpinus betulus Flowering Plants
Cyclamen purpurascens Flowering Plants
Epimedium alpinum Flowering Plants
Erythronium dens-canis Flowering Plants
Knautia drymeia Flowering Plants
Quercus cerris Flowering Plants
Quercus petraea Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.A1A Illyrian Quercus - Carpinus betulus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.A1A Illyrian Quercus - Carpinus betulus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.A1A Illyrian Quercus - Carpinus betulus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.A1A Illyrian Quercus - Carpinus betulus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.A1A Illyrian Quercus - Carpinus betulus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.B1A Illyrian Quercus-Carpinus betulus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G1.8A Illyrian oak-hornbeam forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 41.2A Illyrian oak-hornbeam forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 41.2A Illyrian oak-hornbeam forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 41.2A   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 41.2A   same
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