Northwestern Iberian holm-oak forests

Description (English)

Quercus ilex forests with exuberant undergrowth of Mediterranean, often lauriphyllous, small trees, shrubs, and lianas, including Laurus nobilis, Rhamnus alaternus, Arbutus unedo, Phillyrea media, Rosa sempervirens, Rubia peregrina, Smilax aspera, Hedera helix, often well-preserved on steep slopes of the calcareous mountains rising above the southern coast of the Bay of Biscay.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T2-1211

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Arbutus unedo
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Laurus nobilis
Flowering Plants Phillyrea media
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Rhamnus alaternus
Flowering Plants Rosa sempervirens
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Arbutus unedo Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Laurus nobilis Flowering Plants
Phillyrea media Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Rhamnus alaternus Flowering Plants
Rosa sempervirens Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G2.1211 Northwestern Iberian holm-oak forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.1211 Northwestern Iberian holm-oak forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.1211 Northwestern Iberian holm-oak forests same
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