Southern Italian holm-oak forests

Description (English)

Mostly upper meso-Mediterranean Quercus ilex-dominated formations of Calabria and Sicily with Viola alba ssp. dehnhardtii, Teucrium siculum, Carex distachya, Cyclamen repandum, Pyrus amygdaliformis, Ruscus aculeatus, Cytisus villosus, Asparagus acutifolius, Rubia peregrina, Asplenium onopteris, Luzula forsteri, Lonicera etrusca, Smilax aspera, Rosa sempervirens and, in some facies, Chamaerops humilis, Pistacia lentiscus, Phillyrea media, Arbutus unedo; like the preceding formations, they are usually degraded to arborescent matorral or coppice, but fine stands survive locally, particularly in Sicily, Puglia (e.g. Bosco delle Pianelle) and Calabria (e.g. Boschi di Badolato).

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T2-121A

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Arbutus unedo
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Ferns Asplenium onopteris
Flowering Plants Carex distachya
Flowering Plants Chamaerops humilis
Flowering Plants Cyclamen repandum
Flowering Plants Cytisus villosus
Flowering Plants Lonicera etrusca
Flowering Plants Luzula forsteri
Flowering Plants Phillyrea media
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Pyrus amygdaliformis
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Rosa sempervirens
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Ruscus aculeatus
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Flowering Plants Teucrium siculum
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Arbutus unedo Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Asplenium onopteris Ferns
Carex distachya Flowering Plants
Chamaerops humilis Flowering Plants
Cyclamen repandum Flowering Plants
Cytisus villosus Flowering Plants
Lonicera etrusca Flowering Plants
Luzula forsteri Flowering Plants
Phillyrea media Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Pyrus amygdaliformis Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Rosa sempervirens Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Ruscus aculeatus Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Teucrium siculum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G2.121A Southern Italian holm-oak forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.121A Southern Italian holm-oak forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.121A Southern Italian holm-oak forests same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100