Greek Quercus coccifera forests

Description (English)

Arborescent Quercus coccifera-dominated formations of peninsular Greece, of the Ionian and Aegean archipelagoes and of Crete. Extensive, fully-developed stands exist in several areas of Crete. The most representative forests occupy valleys in the 700-800 m range of the southern slopes of the Psiloriti mountains; Acer orientale, Cephalanthera cucullata and Epipactis cretica are associated. Other forests are found in the Lefka and Lassithi mountains; Pyrus amygdaliformis, Prunus webbii, Pistacia terebinthus, Phillyrea latifolia, Styrax officinalis are characteristic of various Cretan stands. Outside of Crete, forest stands are found sporadically, in particular on Ikaria, Samothrace and Mount Athos, where Quercus coccifera is associated with Quercus ilex, and at high elevations of Rhodes, where Quercus coccifera forms woodland fragments with arborescent Phillyrea media. In many areas remnant tall Quercus coccifera may form arborescent matorral, as for instance on Ossa; coppice-like formations of young trees also occur.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T2-131

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Acer orientale
Flowering Plants Cephalanthera cucullata
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Flowering Plants Phillyrea media
Flowering Plants Pistacia terebinthus
Flowering Plants Prunus webbii
Flowering Plants Pyrus amygdaliformis
Flowering Plants Quercus coccifera
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Styrax officinalis
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Acer orientale Flowering Plants
Cephalanthera cucullata Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Phillyrea media Flowering Plants
Pistacia terebinthus Flowering Plants
Prunus webbii Flowering Plants
Pyrus amygdaliformis Flowering Plants
Quercus coccifera Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Styrax officinalis Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G2.131 Greek Quercus coccifera forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.131 Greek Quercus coccifera forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.131 Greek Quercus coccifera forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G2.131 Greek Quercus coccifera forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G2.131 Greek Quercus coccifera forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G2.131 Greek Quercus coccifera forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G2.131 Greek kermes oak forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 45.41 Greek kermes oak forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 45.41 Greek kermes oak forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 45.41   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 45.41   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 45.41   same
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