Alpine spring heath Pinus sylvestris forests

Description (English)

Mesophile, mostly calcicolous, Pinus sylvestris forests of the intermediate Alps, and, locally, of the inner Alps, the northern, eastern and southeastern outer Alps, the Bavarian plateau, the serpentines of northern Bavaria, Bohemia, the Lake Constance area, the Baar plateau and the Jura, generally characterised by the presence of Erica herbacea, accompanied by Juniperus communis, Berberis vulgaris, Sorbus aria, Amelanchier ovalis, Lembotropis nigricans, Chamaecytisus supinus, Polygala chamaebuxus, Goodyera repens, Pyrola chlorantha, Epipactis atrorubens, Melampyrum pratense, Melampyrum sylvaticum, Carex alba, Carex ornithopoda, Carex humilis, Carex flacca, Molinia caerulea, Calamagrostis varia, Sesleria albicans. They include numerous variants, as indicated in part by the associations listed above, most of them with Erica herbacea, and could be further subdivided. Communities of the intermediate Alps and neighbouring regions form the core of the unit and are adapted to a variety of fairly oligotrophic substrates, mostly calcareous, but occasionally siliceous, with a northern or intermediate exposure. In inner Alpine valleys they occur on less dry sites and usually at higher altitudes than the forests of units G3.43 and G3.45. Isolated, edaphically specialised communities occupy dolomites and serpentines of the northeastern Alps, of adjacent external ranges and of the Bavarian plateau, with or without Erica herbacea.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-541

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Amelanchier ovalis
Flowering Plants Berberis vulgaris
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis varia
Flowering Plants Carex alba
Flowering Plants Carex flacca
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Flowering Plants Carex ornithopoda
Flowering Plants Chamaecytisus supinus
Flowering Plants Epipactis atrorubens
Flowering Plants Erica herbacea
Flowering Plants Goodyera repens
Conifers Juniperus communis
Flowering Plants Lembotropis nigricans
Flowering Plants Melampyrum pratense
Flowering Plants Melampyrum sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Molinia caerulea
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Polygala chamaebuxus
Flowering Plants Pyrola chlorantha
Flowering Plants Sesleria albicans
Flowering Plants Sorbus aria
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Amelanchier ovalis Flowering Plants
Berberis vulgaris Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis varia Flowering Plants
Carex alba Flowering Plants
Carex flacca Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Carex ornithopoda Flowering Plants
Chamaecytisus supinus Flowering Plants
Epipactis atrorubens Flowering Plants
Erica herbacea Flowering Plants
Goodyera repens Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis Conifers
Lembotropis nigricans Flowering Plants
Melampyrum pratense Flowering Plants
Melampyrum sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Molinia caerulea Flowering Plants
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Polygala chamaebuxus Flowering Plants
Pyrola chlorantha Flowering Plants
Sesleria albicans Flowering Plants
Sorbus aria Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.441 Alpine spring heath Scots pine forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.441 Alpine spring heath Scots pine forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.441 Alpine spring heath Scots pine forests same
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