EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3-F - Picea taiga forest > T3-F2 - Fern western Picea taiga > T3-F22 - Tall fern western spruce taiga

Tall fern western spruce taiga

Description (English)

Forests of Picea abies or, in the east, Picea obovata, sometimes accompanied by Pinus sylvestris and/or Populus tremula, of southern boreal and boreonemoral regions of Fennoscandia, Russia west of the western Ural piedmont, Belarus, the Baltic States, with an understorey dominated by ferns, in particular, Athyrium filix-femina, Dryopteris carthusiana, Dryopteris expansa, Dryopteris dilatata, Phegopteris connectilis, Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Matteuccia struthiopteris, often with two tiers, one of taller ferns, one of medium-sized ferns, with a greater presence of herbs than of Vaccinium myrtillus and much Oxalis acetosella, developing on mesic to moist moraines (podsol-acid brown forest earth). Accompanying species include Betula pubescens, Maianthemum bifolium, Trientalis europaea, Geranium sylvaticum, Rubus saxatilis, Stellaria nemorum, Viola epipsila, Paris quadrifolia, Luzula pilosa, Melica nutans, Milium effusum, Deschampsia flexuosa Equisetum sylvaticum, and mosses. They occupy stations with a richer nutrient supply than those of the bilberry forests of unit 42.C1 and of the small fern forests of unit 42.C21, with a lower nutrient supply than the small herb forests of unit 42.C3 and the tall herb forests of unit 42.C4, and with a higher humidity level than all except the latter. In the boreo-nemoral zone, deciduous trees, in particular, Tilia cordata, Acer platanoides, Ulmus laevis, may form a second tree layer.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-F22

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Acer platanoides
Ferns Athyrium filix-femina
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Ferns Dryopteris carthusiana
Ferns Dryopteris dilatata
Ferns Dryopteris expansa
Ferns Equisetum sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Geranium sylvaticum
Ferns Gymnocarpium dryopteris
Flowering Plants Luzula pilosa
Flowering Plants Maianthemum bifolium
Ferns Matteuccia struthiopteris
Flowering Plants Melica nutans
Flowering Plants Milium effusum
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Paris quadrifolia
Ferns Phegopteris connectilis
Conifers Picea abies
Conifers Picea obovata
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Populus tremula
Flowering Plants Rubus saxatilis
Flowering Plants Stellaria nemorum
Flowering Plants Tilia cordata
Flowering Plants Trientalis europaea
Flowering Plants Ulmus laevis
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Viola epipsila
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Acer platanoides Flowering Plants
Athyrium filix-femina Ferns
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Dryopteris carthusiana Ferns
Dryopteris dilatata Ferns
Dryopteris expansa Ferns
Equisetum sylvaticum Ferns
Geranium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Gymnocarpium dryopteris Ferns
Luzula pilosa Flowering Plants
Maianthemum bifolium Flowering Plants
Matteuccia struthiopteris Ferns
Melica nutans Flowering Plants
Milium effusum Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Paris quadrifolia Flowering Plants
Phegopteris connectilis Ferns
Picea abies Conifers
Picea obovata Conifers
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Populus tremula Flowering Plants
Rubus saxatilis Flowering Plants
Stellaria nemorum Flowering Plants
Tilia cordata Flowering Plants
Trientalis europaea Flowering Plants
Ulmus laevis Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Viola epipsila Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.A22 Tall fern western spruce taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.A22 Tall fern western spruce taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.A22 Tall fern western spruce taiga same
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