EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3-F - Picea taiga forest > T3-F3 - Small-herb western Picea taiga

Small-herb western Picea taiga

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-F3

Description (English)

Forests of Picea abies or, in the east, Picea obovata, sometimes accompanied by Pinus sylvestris and/or Populus tremula, of southern boreal and boreonemoral regions of Fennoscandia, Russia west of the western Ural piedmont, Belarus, the Baltic States, extending locally in the middle and northern boreal zones, with an understorey dominated by dwarf-shrubs and a low-growing herb layer, characteristic of calcareous substrates and warm stations, developed on acid brown forest soils with mull, or on weakly podsolised soils, with a preference for low-lying areas with fine sediments and a good water supply, sometimes with a tendency to waterlogging. They occupy stations with a richer nutrient supply than those of the bilberry forests of unit G3.A1 and of the fern forests of unit G3.A2, and with a lower humidity level than the fern forests and the tall herb forests of unit G3.A4. Accompanying tree and shrub species include a predominance of Sorbus aucuparia, Vaccinium myrtillus, with Alnus spp., Betula spp., Juniperus communis, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, a field layer dominated by Oxalis acetosella, Melampyrum sylvaticum, Maianthemum bifolium, Trientalis europaea, Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Thelypteris phegopteris accompanied by Linnaea borealis, Geranium sylvaticum, Melampyrum pratense, Solidago virgaurea, Rubus saxatilis, Viola riviniana, Hieracium silvaticum grp., Pyrola spp., Paris quadrifolia, Melica nutans, Deschampsia flexuosa, Luzula pilosa, Lycopodium annotinum, Equisetum sylvaticum, and mosses. In the boreonemoral zone, deciduous trees, in particular, Quercus robur, Tilia cordata, Acer platanoides, Ulmus laevis, may form a second tree layer.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Acer platanoides
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Ferns Equisetum sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Geranium sylvaticum
Ferns Gymnocarpium dryopteris
Flowering Plants Hieracium silvaticum
Conifers Juniperus communis
Flowering Plants Linnaea borealis
Flowering Plants Luzula pilosa
Ferns Lycopodium annotinum
Flowering Plants Maianthemum bifolium
Flowering Plants Melampyrum pratense
Flowering Plants Melampyrum sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Melica nutans
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Paris quadrifolia
Conifers Picea abies
Conifers Picea obovata
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Populus tremula
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Rubus saxatilis
Flowering Plants Solidago virgaurea
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Ferns Thelypteris phegopteris
Flowering Plants Tilia cordata
Flowering Plants Trientalis europaea
Flowering Plants Ulmus laevis
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Viola riviniana
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Acer platanoides Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Equisetum sylvaticum Ferns
Geranium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Gymnocarpium dryopteris Ferns
Hieracium silvaticum Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis Conifers
Linnaea borealis Flowering Plants
Luzula pilosa Flowering Plants
Lycopodium annotinum Ferns
Maianthemum bifolium Flowering Plants
Melampyrum pratense Flowering Plants
Melampyrum sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Melica nutans Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Paris quadrifolia Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Picea obovata Conifers
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Populus tremula Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Rubus saxatilis Flowering Plants
Solidago virgaurea Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Thelypteris phegopteris Ferns
Tilia cordata Flowering Plants
Trientalis europaea Flowering Plants
Ulmus laevis Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Viola riviniana Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.A3 Small-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.A3 Small-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.A3 Small-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.A3 Small-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.A3 Small-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.A3 Small-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.A3 Small-herb western spruce taiga same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.C3 Small-herb western spruce taiga same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.C3 Small-herb western spruce taiga same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.C3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.C3   same
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