EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3-F - Picea taiga forest > T3-F4 - Tall-herb western Picea taiga

Tall-herb western Picea taiga

Description (English)

Forests of Picea abies or, in the east, Picea obovata, of boreal and boreonemoral regions of Fennoscandia, Russia west of the western Ural piedmont, Belarus, the Baltic States, with a species-rich understorey dominated by tall herbs and ferns and with a significant component of deciduous trees, including Betula pubescens, Alnus incana, Sorbus aucuparia; the species cortège includes an abundance of Oxalis acetosella and Sambucus nigra, Actaea spicata, Campanula latifolia, Mercurialis perennis, Aconitum septentrionale (Aconitum lycoctonum), Cicerbita alpina, Geranium sylvaticum, Angelica sylvestris, Crepis paludosa, Filipendula ulmaria, Geum rivale, Viola epipsila, Melica nutans, Milium effusum, Paris quadrifolia, Rubus idaeus, Rubus saxatilis, Trientalis europaea, Trollius europaeus, Equisetum pratense, Equisetum sylvaticum, Dryopteris expansa, Athyrium filix-femina, Matteuccia struthiopteris. Tall-herb spruce forests occupy low-lying areas, slopes and ravines with fine sediment and good water supply, on calcareous brown forest soils. Their stations have a richer nutrient supply and a higher humidity level than those of the bilberry forests of unit G3.A1, of the fern forests of unit G3.A2 or of the small herb forests of unit G3.A3. In the boreonemoral zone, deciduous trees, in particular, Tilia cordata, Acer platanoides, Ulmus laevis, may form a second tree layer.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-F4

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Acer platanoides
Flowering Plants Aconitum lycoctonum
Flowering Plants Aconitum septentrionale
Flowering Plants Actaea spicata
Flowering Plants Alnus incana
Flowering Plants Angelica sylvestris
Ferns Athyrium filix-femina
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Campanula latifolia
Flowering Plants Cicerbita alpina
Flowering Plants Crepis paludosa
Ferns Dryopteris expansa
Ferns Equisetum pratense
Ferns Equisetum sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Filipendula ulmaria
Flowering Plants Geranium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Geum rivale
Ferns Matteuccia struthiopteris
Flowering Plants Melica nutans
Flowering Plants Mercurialis perennis
Flowering Plants Milium effusum
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Paris quadrifolia
Conifers Picea abies
Conifers Picea obovata
Flowering Plants Rubus idaeus
Flowering Plants Rubus saxatilis
Flowering Plants Sambucus nigra
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Flowering Plants Tilia cordata
Flowering Plants Trientalis europaea
Flowering Plants Trollius europaeus
Flowering Plants Ulmus laevis
Flowering Plants Viola epipsila
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Acer platanoides Flowering Plants
Aconitum lycoctonum Flowering Plants
Aconitum septentrionale Flowering Plants
Actaea spicata Flowering Plants
Alnus incana Flowering Plants
Angelica sylvestris Flowering Plants
Athyrium filix-femina Ferns
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Campanula latifolia Flowering Plants
Cicerbita alpina Flowering Plants
Crepis paludosa Flowering Plants
Dryopteris expansa Ferns
Equisetum pratense Ferns
Equisetum sylvaticum Ferns
Filipendula ulmaria Flowering Plants
Geranium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Geum rivale Flowering Plants
Matteuccia struthiopteris Ferns
Melica nutans Flowering Plants
Mercurialis perennis Flowering Plants
Milium effusum Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Paris quadrifolia Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Picea obovata Conifers
Rubus idaeus Flowering Plants
Rubus saxatilis Flowering Plants
Sambucus nigra Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Tilia cordata Flowering Plants
Trientalis europaea Flowering Plants
Trollius europaeus Flowering Plants
Ulmus laevis Flowering Plants
Viola epipsila Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.A4 Tall-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.A4 Tall-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.A4 Tall-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.A4 Tall-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.A4 Tall-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.A4 Tall-herb western Picea taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.A4 Tall-herb western spruce taiga same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.C4 Tall-herb western spruce taiga same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.C4 Tall-herb western spruce taiga same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.C4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.C4   same
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