Ling-crowberry birch-spruce-pine taiga

Description (English)

Sparse, extensive forests of the taiga belt of western Eurasia, west of the middle Petchora, dominated by Pinus sylvestris and Picea abies, with many birches and an understorey dominated by Calluna vulgaris, Empetrum hermaphroditum, Empetrum nigrum, Vaccinium myrtillus and, in the north, Vaccinium uliginosum, with Vaccinium vitis-idaea, lichens, notably of genus Cladonia, mosses (Dicranum). They are, in particular, characteristic of cold, low evaporation regions of Norwegian, Swedish and Finnish mountains, up to the subalpine belt, occupying heavy raw humus on podsols.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-G11

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Empetrum hermaphroditum
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum
Conifers Picea abies
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Empetrum hermaphroditum Flowering Plants
Empetrum nigrum Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.B11 Ling-crowberry birch-spruce-pine taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.B11 Ling-crowberry birch-spruce-pine taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.B11 Ling-crowberry birch-spruce-pine taiga same
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