EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3-K - Picea mire forest > T3-K2 - Boreal Picea swamp forests > T3-K21 - Boreal fern spruce swamp forests

Boreal fern spruce swamp forests

Description (English)

Swamp woods of the western Palaearctic taiga zone dominated by Picea abies or Picea obovata, with an understorey comprising wet woodland species, often dominated by ferns and herbs, notably, Athyrium filix-femina, Dryopteris carthusiana, Dryopteris expansa, Oxalis acetosella; the species cortège includes Betula pubescens, Vaccinium myrtillus, Caltha palustris, Maianthemum bifolium, Galium palustre, Geranium sylvaticum, Paris quadrifolia, Ranunculus repens, Calamagrostis purpurea, Deschampsia flexuosa, Melica nutans, Milium effusum, Carex canescens, Luzula pilosa, Equisetum sylvaticum, Equisetum arvense, Phegopteris connectilis, Dryopteris dilatata, Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Matteuccia struthiopteris, Bryum spp., Calliergon cordifolium, Sphagnum spp.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-K21

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Ferns Athyrium filix-femina
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis purpurea
Mosses & Liverworts Calliergon cordifolium
Flowering Plants Caltha palustris
Flowering Plants Carex canescens
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Ferns Dryopteris carthusiana
Ferns Dryopteris dilatata
Ferns Dryopteris expansa
Ferns Equisetum arvense
Ferns Equisetum sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Galium palustre
Flowering Plants Geranium sylvaticum
Ferns Gymnocarpium dryopteris
Flowering Plants Luzula pilosa
Flowering Plants Maianthemum bifolium
Ferns Matteuccia struthiopteris
Flowering Plants Melica nutans
Flowering Plants Milium effusum
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Paris quadrifolia
Ferns Phegopteris connectilis
Conifers Picea abies
Conifers Picea obovata
Flowering Plants Ranunculus repens
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Athyrium filix-femina Ferns
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis purpurea Flowering Plants
Calliergon cordifolium Mosses & Liverworts
Caltha palustris Flowering Plants
Carex canescens Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Dryopteris carthusiana Ferns
Dryopteris dilatata Ferns
Dryopteris expansa Ferns
Equisetum arvense Ferns
Equisetum sylvaticum Ferns
Galium palustre Flowering Plants
Geranium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Gymnocarpium dryopteris Ferns
Luzula pilosa Flowering Plants
Maianthemum bifolium Flowering Plants
Matteuccia struthiopteris Ferns
Melica nutans Flowering Plants
Milium effusum Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Paris quadrifolia Flowering Plants
Phegopteris connectilis Ferns
Picea abies Conifers
Picea obovata Conifers
Ranunculus repens Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.D51 Boreal fern spruce swamp woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.D51 Boreal fern spruce swamp woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.D51 Boreal fern spruce swamp woods same
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