EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3-K - Picea mire forest > T3-K2 - Boreal Picea swamp forests > T3-K23 - Boreal sedge-sphagnum spruce swamp forests

Boreal sedge-sphagnum spruce swamp forests

Description (English)

Spruce swamp woods of boreonemoral and boreal regions of the western Palaearctic dominated by Picea abies or Picea obovata, with a field layer rich in sedges, horsetails, short and tall herbs, developed on nutrient-rich gley substrates with wet fen mull at the surface, and near-surface flowing or stagnant groundwater. Betula pubescens, Alnus glutinosa, Alnus incana may participate in the tree layer, Carex spp., Filipendula ulmaria, Equisetum spp., Salix spp., Calla palustris may dominate the herb and shrub layer, Sphagnum spp. dominate the ground layer; the species cortège includes Phalaris arundinacea, Calamagrostis purpurea, Chamaegrostis canescans, Geranium sylvaticum, Lysimachia thyrsiflora, Rubus chamaemorus, Menyanthes trifoliata, Caltha palustris, Cardamine amara, Cornus suecica, Vaccinium myrtillus.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-K23

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Alnus glutinosa
Flowering Plants Alnus incana
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis purpurea
Flowering Plants Calla palustris
Flowering Plants Caltha palustris
Flowering Plants Cardamine amara
Flowering Plants Cornus suecica
Flowering Plants Filipendula ulmaria
Flowering Plants Geranium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Lysimachia thyrsiflora
Flowering Plants Menyanthes trifoliata
Flowering Plants Phalaris arundinacea
Conifers Picea abies
Conifers Picea obovata
Flowering Plants Rubus chamaemorus
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Alnus glutinosa Flowering Plants
Alnus incana Flowering Plants
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis purpurea Flowering Plants
Calla palustris Flowering Plants
Caltha palustris Flowering Plants
Cardamine amara Flowering Plants
Cornus suecica Flowering Plants
Filipendula ulmaria Flowering Plants
Geranium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Lysimachia thyrsiflora Flowering Plants
Menyanthes trifoliata Flowering Plants
Phalaris arundinacea Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Picea obovata Conifers
Rubus chamaemorus Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.D53 Boreal sedge-sphagnum spruce swamp woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.D53 Boreal sedge-sphagnum spruce swamp woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.D53 Boreal sedge-sphagnum spruce swamp woods same
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