Boreal northern bilberry spruce swamp forests

Description (English)

Oligotrophic, species-poor spruce swamp woods of the western Palaearctic taiga zone dominated by Picea abies or Picea obovata in the tree layer and an understorey dominated by hygrophile ericoid shrubs, Vaccinium uliginosum and Vaccinium myrtillus, by Equisetum sylvaticum and by sphagnum carpets formed by Sphagnum girgensohnii, Sphagnum russowii, Sphagnum angustifolium, developed on oligotrophic, hydromorphic soils with carr-peat or raw humus by lake-shores, on mire margins, in hollows and on slopes. The species cortège includes Betula pubescens, Betula nana, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Empetrum spp., Rubus chamaemorus, Polytrichum commune, Sphagnum fuscum and, notably in eastern Scandinavia, Ledum palustre, Carex globularis.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3-K241

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Betula nana
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Carex globularis
Ferns Equisetum sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Ledum palustre
Conifers Picea abies
Conifers Picea obovata
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichum commune
Flowering Plants Rubus chamaemorus
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum angustifolium
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum fuscum
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum girgensohnii
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum russowii
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula nana Flowering Plants
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Carex globularis Flowering Plants
Equisetum sylvaticum Ferns
Ledum palustre Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Picea obovata Conifers
Polytrichum commune Mosses & Liverworts
Rubus chamaemorus Flowering Plants
Sphagnum angustifolium Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum fuscum Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum girgensohnii Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum russowii Mosses & Liverworts
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.D541 Boreal northern bilberry spruce swamp woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.D541 Boreal northern bilberry spruce swamp woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.D541 Boreal northern bilberry spruce swamp woods same
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